Three Major Concepts of Psychoanalytic Theory – A Brief Summarization
- April 13, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
Sigmund Freud was most noted for his 5 stage theory of human development. which theory originated through his observation along with thorough documentation of adults’ recollections of memories during therapy sessions along with was conceptualized by Sigmund Freud himself. Freud began his work within the 1880’s, along with by the end of the 1890’s, his theory began to take on more of the formal attributes of its 5 stages. The theory was in response mainly to patients with hysterical symptoms who had reported sexual traumas which occurred early in their lives along with the subsequent repression, or subconscious “pushing away”, of these sexual traumas as well as various other uncomfortable thoughts of previous life events. Although a comprehensive review of all of the underlying assumptions regarding Freud’s theory of personality theory along with the massive quantity of information which he wrote during his lifetime which would certainly be virtually impossible to sum up, even over a period of many years are far beyond the scope of which project, some of the major assumptions will be discussed. However, with respect to the overall knowledge base along with for the benefit of greater understanding of the 5 stage theory, which is actually my opinion which, prior to discussion of his stage theory of personality development, which is actually essential which his theories of the division of the mind along with his components of personality are mentioned as these two major concepts are intricately intertwined with his 5 stage theory.
One major concept along with underlying assumption of Freud’s theory subdivides the human mind into three distinct categories. According to his theory, the components of the mind include the conscious, pre-conscious along with sub-conscious areas (Freud, 2002 revised ed.). As is actually implied by the title, the conscious mind consists of those things of which we are currently aware along with to which we are currently attentive. The conscious mind also includes our current thinking processes, behaviors along with environmental awareness. Hence, which can be obviously concluded which the conscious mind constitutes the major part of our current awareness. which concept can be validated as most people have, on occasion, heard statements via others such as, “I have a clean conscious”, or “I was not conscious of which at the time”, in casual conversations. Also according to Freud’s Theory, the preconscious mind consisted of all those things of which we are aware, although currently are not attentive (Freud, 2002 revised ed.). He further conceived which we can choose to pay attention to these along with deliberately bring them into the conscious mind. Finally, with respect to the pre-conscious mind, Freud believed which we can control our awareness to a certain extent, via focusing in very closely on one conscious act to a wider awareness which seeks to expand consciousness to include as much of preconscious information as possible. At the subconscious level, the process along with content are out of direct reach of the conscious mind. The subconscious thus thinks along with acts independently (Freud, 2002 revised ed.). One of Freud’s key findings was which much behavior is actually driven directly via the subconscious mind. which has the alarming consequence which we are largely unable to control our behavior, along with in particular which which we would certainly sometimes prefer to avoid. More recent research has shown which the subconscious mind is actually probably even more in charge of our actions than even Freud had realized Murphy, 2001).
Three major components of personality were included in Freud’s massive, overall theory. These components include the Id, the Ego along with the Super ego. The Id contains our primitive drives along with operates largely according to the pleasure principle, whereby its two main goals are the seeking of pleasure along with the avoidance of pain (Freud, 1962). Freud goes on to say which which has no real perception of reality along with seeks to satisfy its needs through what he called the primary processes which dominate the existence of infants, including hunger along with self-protection. Unlike the Id, the Ego is actually aware of reality along with operates using the reality principle. The reality principle implies which the Ego recognizes what is actually real along with understands which behaviors have consequences. which includes the effects of social rules which are necessary in order to live along with socialize with various other people. which uses secondary processes such as perception, recognition, judgment along with memory which are developed during childhood. The dilemma of the Ego is actually which which has to somehow balance the demands of the Id along with Super ego with the constraints of reality (Freud, 1962). The Ego controls higher mental processes such as reasoning along with problem-solving, which which uses to solve the Id-Super ego dilemma, creatively finding ways to safely satisfy the Id’s basic urges within the constraints of the Super ego. The Super ego contains our values along with social morals, which often come via the rules of right along with wrong which we learned in childhood via our parents along with are contained within the conscience. The Super ego includes a product of an ego ideal which which uses as a prototype against which to compare the ego along with towards which which encourages the ego to move. The Super ego is actually a counterbalance to the Id, along with seeks to inhibit the Id’s pleasure-seeking demands, particularly those for sex along with aggression.
currently we turn to what is actually the most famous aspect of Freudian theory, the 5 stages of human development. which theory sprung via Freud’s observations of adults’ recollections in therapy of their lives (Freud, 2003 revised ed.). He stated in which work which children were not directly observed. Although Freud’s theory has been roundly criticized for its lack of scientific character, which does stand however as a grand metaphor for describing personality. The stages of development include the Oral Stage which is actually the first stage. which stage begins at birth along with generally ends at approximately 2 years of age. within the oral stage, infants along with toddlers explore the planet primarily with their most sensitive area, i.e., their mouths. They also learn to use their mouths to communicate. The next stage is actually the Anal Stage. which stage usually begins around 2 years of age along with last for about a year. within the anal stage, children learned to control the elimination of bodily wastes. The Phallic Stage is actually the next stage. which generally begins at around 3 years along with last until about age 5. The Phallic Stage is actually probably the most controversial of all of the stages because of the strong sexual underlying principles with respect to opposite parents at such an early age in life. To further explain, the controversy comes via Freud’s description of the Oedipus along with Electra complexes, with their attendant concepts of castration anxiety along with penis envy, respectively. The Oedipus Complex refers to a son’s sexual attraction to his mother while the Electra Complex implies just the opposite. Those complexes lead, according to Freudian theory, to normal differentiation of male along with female personalities. The defense mechanism of repression was invoked to explain why no one could remember the events of which stage. In which stage, Freud also theorizes which children discover their sexual differences along with inequalities. The phallic stage is actually followed by a Latency Period in which little brand-new development is actually observable. In which stage, boys play with boys, along with girls with girls, typically. Sexual interest is actually low or non-existent. The final stage is actually the Genital Stage. which began around 12 years of age along with ends with the climax of puberty. Sexual interests re-awaken at which time. However, the sexual interests which come about during which period are appropriate along with are toward genuine partners rather than opposite parents.
which is actually my assertion which an arbitrary along with somewhat capricious character can easily be concluded via Freud’s theoretical framework. As which did with me, the importance of the divisions of the mind along with the major components of personality with respect to decision doing processes along with appropriate progression through each stage of development should also become apparent. To further explain, a person’s level of awareness of self along with surroundings should be directly proportional to a successful transition via birth to adulthood. The earlier in life which awareness begins should also increase the likelihood of successful personality development. Freud’s assumptions about the function of social work are not clear, although which does appear which a firm understanding of his major concepts would certainly be very useful to have when working in applied social settings. which is actually to say, with respect to applications in real time social work practice situations for example, which would certainly be most advantageous to know if a person has successfully along with functionally developed as an adult, if they have a keen sense of awareness or if repression of past memories are factors. I truly believe which the aforementioned applications are also the major strengths of Freud’s theory. As previously mentioned, Freud’s work was so extensive which which is actually difficult, albeit not impossible, to determine its efficacy in most cases. The way I see which is actually which in most cases Freud was successful. Although which can not be accurately or adequately quantified as compared to applied behavior analysis, for example, which appears which the application of his concepts could be beneficial to most anyone.
American Psychological Association. (2002). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC
Freud, S. (1962). The Ego along with The Id (The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud). N.Y., brand-new York. W.W. Norton along with Company
Freud, S. (2002 revised ed.). Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. N.Y., brand-new York: Basic Books
Freud, S. (2003 revised ed.). An Outline of Psychoanalysis. N.Y., brand-new York: Penguin Classics
Murphy, Joseph (2001). The Power of the Subconscious Mind. N.Y., brand-new York: Bantam