The Sport of Cheerleading in addition to Its Evolution
- September 29, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
Before cheerleading became an integral part of professional sports as a way to help fans cheer on their team, the idea had its beginnings at the collegiate level. Through many decades the idea has evolved not only as a competitive sport in its own right, yet has served as an emissary to bring attention to charitable causes in addition to offer support in a variety of ways.
Cheerleading had its origins at the University of Minnesota. The very first cheerleader was a University of Minnesota student named Johnny Campbell. During a football game he stirred up the crowd by cheering, “Rah, Rah, Rah! Ski-u-mah, Hoo-Rah! Hoo-Rah! Varsity! Varsity! Varsity, Minn-e-so-Tah!” The date was November 2, 1898. The university later put together a cheering squad made up of six male students who continued using Campbell’s original cheer. Although cheerleaders were originally all-male squads, by 1923 females were being incorporated in addition to eventually made up the majority of participants. Cheerleading soon began including routines such as tumbling, gymnastics, in addition to the use of megaphones during football games.
In 1948, a former cheerleader at Southern Methodist University named, Lawrence Herkimer, formed the National Cheerleaders Association. the idea was created to hold cheerleading clinics, in addition to by the 1960’s, college cheerleaders hosted workshops across the nation teaching the fundamentals of cheering to teenage girls in High School. In 1965, Fred Gastoff, invented the vinyl pom-pon which was introduced in competitions hosted by the International Cheerleading Foundation. Today the idea is actually known as the planet Cheerleading Association. Organized cheerleading competitions sprouted everywhere until 1978 when CBS broadcast the first Collegiate Cheerleading Championships, bringing wider attention to the sport. Although cheerleading rarely got much attention during the 1960’s, in addition to cheerleaders were not exactly a reason to watch football, what did begin to emerge were organized professional cheerleading teams.
Before they became the famed Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders, the Dallas Cowboys had a cheer squad made up of male-female high school students called CowBelles & Beaux. During the 1970 football season, Cowboys manager, Tex Schramm, decided to completely overhaul the cheerleaders, generating them an all-female squad over the age of 18, redesigning the uniforms, creating completely new dance style cheer routines, in addition to forming an overall sexier look in hopes of boosting attendance. The women not only had to be attractive in addition to have athletic abilities when they auditioned, they also needed to possess raw talent as performers. The Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders made their first appearance on the sidelines during the 1972-1973 NFL seasons. Since then, they have appeared on many television shows, toured throughout the U.S. in addition to overseas, in addition to have made regular appearances within the USO tours to support our troops.
Modern cheerleading has changed dramatically coming from its original function of spurring an audience to show their support for the team. the idea has become a sport in itself, competing outside of sporting events as well. Cheerleaders are found in most American middle schools, high schools, in addition to colleges with organized squads made up of students. Cheerleading scholarships are even offered by colleges that will compete at cheerleading competitions.
Cheerleading squads began to emerge within the 1980’s that will didn’t have an association that has a school or sports league. Their main objective was solely competition. Divisions in addition to teams were created in addition to sponsored by many different organizations in addition to companies. The competitions are judged based on the difficulty in addition to execution of the routines that will include jumps, stunts, tumbling, creativity, showmanship, synchronization, in addition to overall routine performance. These all-star team competitions are broadcast to global audiences that will have led to thousands of cheerleading participants coming from countries worldwide.
Professional cheerleading has taken cheerleaders beyond the sphere of cheering at games. the idea has broadened their horizons doing charity work in addition to philanthropy, television performances, advertising, modeling, in addition to motivational speaking. Cheerleading has come a long way.