The Role of the Director During Pre-Production
- October 13, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
Pre-production is actually the most important time for any director because the item is actually the where we go through a “process of discovery.” Here is actually an overview of what is actually expected of a director during pre-production. Please keep in mind that will all these pre-production activities will vary in time along with importance depending on whether you are shooting a film or TV.
(1) Location Scouting
Location scouting is actually one of the first activities you will be doing inside pre-production stage of filmmaking. Once you have decided on what kind of look you require for the film, a search is actually then begun for suitable locations.
Who goes on location scouts: Director, Location Manager, 1st Assistant Director, Producer, Production Manager or Unit Production Manager, Production Designer or Art Director, Transportation Captain or a Driver
(2) The Budget
During script development, filmmakers produce a rough budget to convince film producers along with film studios to give them a green light for production. During pre-production, a more detailed film budget is actually produced. This specific document is actually used to secure financing.
A budget is actually typically divided into four sections: Above the Line (creative talent), Below the Line (direct production costs), Post-Production (editing, visual effects, etc), along with additional (insurance, completion bond, etc).
The Director should also understand the budget. You should know where you can make suggestions on what elements to take out – along with on what to add in.
When a director first starts prep, you read the script through more than once to get a feel for what the story is actually about along with who the characters are. You then have a meeting with the Producer(s) along with the Casting Director to discuss their ideas of the characters.
This specific is actually an important meeting for the Director, because the item’s where you find out what the Producer(s) are thinking along with if they are on the right track.
After the meeting, the Casting Director puts together a list of actors that will fit the character traits along with specific looks discussed inside meeting with the Producer(s).
The Casting Director then has her/his own casting session where they record a “short list” of actors for the director along with the Producer(s) to view.
A Director never has enough time to work with the actors in a casting session, so here are the 3 most important qualities you look for when auditioning actors:
1. Do they look the part?
2. Do they have range?
3. Can they take direction?
(4) Meetings, Meetings along with More Meetings
The Director will have many meetings during pre-production. These meetings are scheduled by the AD Department along with range by script meetings along with concept meetings with the producers to individual department head meetings.
The director should possess the following meetings:
– concept meeting with producers/location manager/art director
– script meeting with producers along with writer
– casting meeting with producers along with casting director
– Director along with 1st Assistant Director meetings
– set dec
– special FX
– extra casting
– visual FX
– Production meeting
(5) Script along with Scene Analysis
Because a director is actually a storyteller, you need to understand every detail about the story you are telling. Understanding the story requires a lot of work on the director’s part because you need to take the script apart scene by scene to find out what the item is actually about, what works along with what doesn’t.
A Director’s first impressions are vital when you begin the script read through process. You need to keep in mind your emotional reaction to the story along with what images the story stimulates in you. What you “feel” is actually genuinely what counts, because the item is actually your emotional response to something that will defines the item as a “Truth.”
To understand the script, a Director needs to operate inside sub-world of the characters. Therefore, one of the main purposes of script analysis for a Director is actually to find out who the characters are, along with what happens to them.
(6) Character Analysis
After reading the script along with doing notes about script structure along with scene analysis, the Director needs to figure out the objectives of the characters. You do This specific by understanding the characters background, objectives along with dialogue.
You want to find out the answers to these questions:
– who is actually the MAIN CHARACTER (involved with the question)
– what is actually the CHARACTER SPINE (motivation / goal / action)
– what is actually the SUPER-OBJECTIVE (the main needs of the character)
– what is actually the OBJECTIVE (what the character wants / active choices)
– what is actually the CONFLICT (inner/relational/societal/situational/cosmic)
– what are the THREE DIMENSIONS (thinking / doing / feeling)
(7) Creating the Visual Concept of the Show
A Director’s visual concept is actually how you create the image structure along with style of the film – the item’s the “visual stamp” or look you put on the picture.
Some examples of visual style are:
1. Deciding on what the audience is actually going to see (along with not see) by deciding where to place the camera.
2. What is actually the pacing along with mood of the story? (Fast or slow, dark along with moody or light along with fun?)
3. What is actually the rhythm of the story – a scene – an act? (Every scene should have highs along with lows.)
4. What is actually the coloration of the story? Colors can be used to express feelings along with emotions along with represent certain qualities of a character that will can affect the sets along with the costumes.
5. What is actually the main image to take the audience into This specific brand new world?
(8) Mise-en-scene along with Subworld
The French term mise-en-scène comes by the stage along with literally means, “putting on stage.” When applied to the cinema, mise-en-scène refers to everything that will appears before the camera: sets, props, actors, costumes along with lighting. Mise-en-scène also includes the positioning along with movement of actors on the set, which is actually called blocking.
The subworld of a film is actually all the feelings along with sensations a Director creates to arouse certain emotions by the audience. To do This specific, the director directs the story “beneath” the main story by developing actions, events along with incidents that will portray the deeper meaning of the story along with the subtext of characters.
– research any source that will will help (immerse yourself)
– what do you want the audience to know or to experience
– what is actually the story beneath the story
– what generates the action for a character
(9) Shot Lists along with Storyboards
A shot list is actually a description of all the camera angles for a scene along with can include shot size, camera movement, character movement, coverage along with cutaways.
inside film business, there is actually no standard format to follow when preparing a shot list. the item varies by director to director. Many Directors do not make shot lists unlike many TV Commercial directors who need to work with shot lists along with storyboards.
Shot lists are very useful because they can help guide you through the blocking process. although the thing to remember is actually This specific – a shot list is actually like a road map: the item gives you a path to your destination, although you don’t always have to follow the item.
Storyboards are a series of images that will are displayed in a sequence for the purpose of pre-visualizing certain scenes in a movie. Some directors will want to storyboard the entire movie, although most storyboards are used for complicated action scenes along with visual effects sequences.
(10) Script Read Through along with Cast Rehearsals
For any director, spending time with your actors before shooting is actually an absolute must. The script read-through is actually when the director along with cast discuss the script along with their characters. This specific usually happens in a hotel room where the available cast, director, writers along with the producers sit around a table along with read the script.
This specific read-through is actually the first opportunity that will everyone can get together to start the process of working on the script. If the whole cast cannot be present, two additional actors (one male along with one female) can be brought in to read the additional parts. Or, depending on your budget, the producers will also read the additional parts.
After the read-through, the director will want to rehearse certain scenes based on the specific needs of the director along with actors. This specific is actually so they can sort out character along with story issues privately before standing on a set with 100 crew members watching.
Most of these cast rehearsals take place in hotel meeting rooms, although many times they can take place on the actual sets or real locations that will are going to be used inside film.