The Development of Old Age in addition to Related Issues
- August 22, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
In traditional Chinese in addition to different Asian cultures the aged were highly respected in addition to cared for. The Igabo tribesmen of Eastern Nigeria value dependency in their aged in addition to involve them in care of children in addition to the administration of tribal affairs (Shelton, A. in Kalish R. Uni Michigan 1969).
In Eskimo culture the grandmother was pushed out into the ice-flow to die as soon as she became useless.
Western societies today usually resemble to some degree the Eskimo culture, only the “ice-flows” have names such a “Sunset Vista” in addition to the like. Younger generations no longer assign status to the aged in addition to their abandonment
will be always in danger of becoming the social norm.
There has been a tendency to remove the aged via their homes in addition to put them in custodial care. To some degree the government provides domiciliary care services to prevent or delay of which, yet the motivation probably has more
to do with expense than humanity.
In Canada in addition to some parts of the USA old people are being utilised as foster-grandparents in child care agencies.
SOME BASIC DEFINITIONS
What will be Aging?
Aging: Aging will be a natural phenomenon of which refers to adjustments occurring throughout the life span in addition to result in differences in structure in addition to function between the youthful in addition to elder generation.
Gerontology: Gerontology will be the study of aging in addition to includes science, psychology in addition to sociology.
Geriatrics: A relatively brand new field of medicine specialising inside the health problems of advanced age.
Social aging: Refers to the social habits in addition to roles of individuals with respect to their culture in addition to society. As social aging increases individual usually experience a decrease in meaningful social interactions.
Biological aging: Refers to the physical adjustments inside the body systems during the later decades of life. of which may begin long before the individual reaches chronological age 65.
Cognitive aging: Refers to decreasing ability to assimilate brand new information in addition to learn brand new behaviours in addition to skills.
GENERAL PROBLEMS OF AGING
Eric Erikson (Youth in addition to the life cycle. Children. 7:43-49 Mch/April 1960) developed an “ages in addition to stages” theory of human
development of which involved 8 stages after birth each of which involved a basic dichotomy representing best case in addition to worst case outcomes. Below are the dichotomies in addition to their developmental relevance:
Prenatal stage – conception to birth.
1. Infancy. Birth to 2 years – basic trust vs. basic distrust. wish.
2. Early childhood, 3 to 4 years – autonomy vs. self doubt/shame. Will.
3. Play age, 5 to 8 years – initiative vs. guilt. Purpose.
4. School age, 9to 12 – industry vs. inferiority. Competence.
5. Adolescence, 13 to 19 – identity vs. identity confusion. Fidelity.
6. Young adulthood – intimacy vs. isolation. Love.
7. Adulthood, generativity vs. self absorption. Care.
8. Mature age- Ego Integrity vs. Despair. Wisdom.
of which stage of older adulthood, i.e. stage 8, begins about the time of retirement in addition to continues throughout one’s life. Achieving ego integrity will be a sign of maturity while failing to reach of which stage will be an indication of poor development in prior stages through the life course.
Ego integrity: of which means coming to accept one’s whole life in addition to reflecting on of which in a positive manner. According to Erikson, achieving
integrity means fully accepting one’ self in addition to coming to terms with death. Accepting responsibility for one’s life in addition to being able to review
the past with satisfaction will be essential. The inability to do of which leads to despair in addition to the individual will begin to fear death. If a favourable balance will be achieved during of which stage, then wisdom will be developed.
Psychological in addition to personality aspects:
Aging has psychological implications. Next to dying our recognition of which we are aging may be one of the most profound shocks we ever receive. Once we pass the invisible line of 65 our years are bench marked for the remainder of the game of life. We are no longer “mature age” we are instead classified as “old”, or “senior citizens”. How we cope with the adjustments we face in addition to stresses of altered status depends on our basic personality. Here are 3 basic personality types of which have been identified. of which may be a oversimplification yet of which makes the point about personality effectively:
a. The autonomous – people who seem to hold the resources for self-renewal. They may be dedicated to a goal or idea in addition to committed to continuing productivity. of which appears to protect them somewhat even against physiological aging.
b.The adjusted – people who are rigid in addition to lacking in adaptability yet are supported by their power, prestige or well structured routine. yet if their situation adjustments drastically they become psychiatric casualties.
c.The anomic. These are people who do not have clear inner values or a protective life vision. Such people have been described as prematurely resigned in addition to they may deteriorate rapidly.
Summary of stresses of old age.
a. Retirement in addition to reduced income. Most people rely on work for self worth, identity in addition to social interaction. Forced retirement can be demoralising.
b. Fear of invalidism in addition to death. The increased probability of falling prey to illness via which there will be no recovery will be a continual
source of anxiety. When one carries a heart attack or stroke the stress becomes much worse.
Some persons face death with equanimity, often psychologically supported by a religion or philosophy. Others may welcome death as an end to suffering or insoluble problems in addition to with little concern for life or human existence. Still others face impending death with suffering of great stress against which they have no ego defenses.
c. Isolation in addition to loneliness. Older people face inevitable loss of loved ones, friends in addition to contemporaries. The loss of a spouse whom one has depended on for companionship in addition to moral support will be particularly distressing. Children grow up, marry in addition to become preoccupied or move away. Failing memory, visual in addition to aural impairment may all work to make social interaction difficult. in addition to if of which
then leads to a souring of outlook in addition to rigidity of attitude then social interaction becomes further lessened in addition to the individual may not even utilise the avenues for social activity of which are still available.
d. Reduction in sexual function in addition to physical attractiveness. Kinsey et al, in their Sexual behaviour inside the human male,
(Phil., Saunders, 1948) found of which there will be a gradual decrease in sexual activity with advancing age in addition to of which reasonably gratifying patterns of sexual activity can continue into extreme old age. The aging person also has to adapt to loss of sexual attractiveness in a society which puts extreme emphasis on sexual attractiveness. The adjustment in self image in addition to self concept of which are required can be very hard to make.
e. Forces tending to self devaluation. Often the experience of the older generation has little perceived relevance to the problems of the young in addition to the older person becomes deprived of participation in decision creating both in occupational in addition to family settings. Many parents are seen as unwanted burdens in addition to their children may secretly wish they would likely die so they can be free of the burden in addition to experience some financial relief or benefit. Senior citizens may be pushed into the role of being an old person with all of which implies in terms of self devaluation.
4 Major Categories of Problems or Needs:
Physiological adjustments: Catabolism (the breakdown of protoplasm) overtakes anabolism (the build-up of protoplasm). All body systems are affected in addition to repair systems become slowed. The aging process occurs at different rates in different individuals.
Physical appearance in addition to different adjustments:
Loss of subcutaneous fat in addition to less elastic skin gives rise to wrinkled appearance, sagging in addition to loss of smoothness of body contours. Joints stiffen in addition to become painful in addition to range of joint movement becomes restricted, general
Increase of fibrous tissue in chest walls in addition to lungs leads restricts respiratory movement in addition to less oxygen will be consumed. Older people more likelyto have lower respiratory infections whereas young people have upper respiratory infections.
Tooth decay in addition to loss of teeth can detract via ease in addition to enjoyment in eating. Atrophy of the taste buds means food will be inclined to be tasteless in addition to of which should be taken into account by carers. Digestive adjustments occur via lack of exercise (stimulating intestines) in addition to decrease in digestive juice production. Constipation in addition to indigestion are likely to follow as a result. Financial problems can lead to the elderly eating an excess of cheap carbohydrates rather than the more expensive protein in addition to vegetable foods in addition to of which exacerbates the problem, leading to reduced vitamin intake in addition to such problems as anemia in addition to increased susceptibility to infection.
Adaptation to stress:
All of us face stress at all ages. Adaptation to stress requires the consumption of energy. The 3 main phases of stress are:
1. Initial alarm reaction. 2. Resistance. 3. Exhaustion
in addition to if stress continues tissue damage or aging occurs. Older persons have had a lifetime of dealing with stresses. Energy reserves are depleted in addition to the older person succumbs to stress earlier than the younger person. Stress will be cumulative over a lifetime. Research results, including experiments with animals suggests of which each stress leaves us more vulnerable to the next in addition to of which although we might think we’ve “bounced back” 100% in fact each stress leaves of which scar. Further, stress will be psycho-biological meaning
the kind of stress will be irrelevant. A physical stress may leave one more vulnerable to psychological stress in addition to vice versa. Rest does not completely restore one after a stressor. Care workers need to be mindful of of which in addition to cognizant of the kinds of things of which can produce stress for aged persons.
COGNITIVE CHANGE Habitual Behaviour:
Sigmund Freud noted of which after the age of 50, treatment of neuroses via psychoanalysis was difficult because the opinions in addition to reactions of older people were relatively fixed in addition to hard to shift.
Over-learned behaviour: of which will be behaviour of which has been learned so well in addition to repeated so often of which of which has become automatic, like for example typing or running down stairs. Over-learned behaviour will be hard to change. If one has lived a long time one will be likely to have fixed opinions in addition to ritualised behaviour patterns or habits.
Compulsive behaviour: Habits in addition to attitudes of which have been learned inside the course of finding ways to overcome frustration in addition to difficulty are very hard to break. Tension reducing habits such as nail biting, incessant humming, smoking or drinking alcohol are especially hard to change at any age in addition to particularly hard for persons who have been practising them over a life time.
The psychology of over-learned in addition to compulsive behaviours has severe implications for older persons who find they have to live in what for them will be a brand new in addition to alien environment with brand new rules in addition to power relations.
Older people have a continual background of neural noise creating of which more difficult for them to sort out in addition to interpret complex sensory
input. In talking to an older person one should turn off the TV, eliminate as many noises in addition to distractions as possible, talk slowly
in addition to relate to one message or idea at a time.
Memories via the distant past are stronger than more recent memories. brand new memories are the first to fade in addition to last to return.
Time patterns also can get mixed – old in addition to brand new may get mixed.
Intelligence reaches a peak in addition to can stay high with little deterioration if there will be no neurological damage. People who have unusually high intelligence to begin with seem to suffer the least decline. Education in addition to stimulation also seem to play a role in maintaining intelligence.
Intellectual impairment. Two diseases of old age causing cognitive decline are Alzheimer’s syndrome in addition to Pick’s syndrome. In Pick’s syndrome there will be inability to concentrate in addition to learn in addition to also affective responses are impaired.
Degenerative Diseases: Slow progressive physical degeneration of cells inside the nervous system. Genetics appear to be an important factor. Usually start after age 40 (yet can occur as early as 20s).
ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE Degeneration of all areas of cortex yet particularly frontal in addition to temporal lobes. The affected cells actually die. Early symptoms resemble neurotic disorders: Anxiety, depression, restlessness sleep difficulties.
Progressive deterioration of all intellectual faculties (memory deficiency being the most well known in addition to obvious). Total mass of the brain decreases, ventricles become larger. No established treatment.
PICK’S DISEASE Rare degenerative disease. Similar to Alzheimer’s in terms of onset, symptomatology in addition to possible genetic
aetiology. However of which affects circumscribed areas of the brain, particularly the frontal areas which leads to a loss of normal affect.
PARKINSON’S DISEASE Neuropathology: Loss of neurons inside the basal ganglia.
Symptoms: Movement abnormalities: rhythmical alternating tremor of extremities, eyelids in addition to tongue along with rigidity of the muscles in addition to slowness of movement (akinesia).
of which was once thought of which Parkinson’s disease was not associated with intellectual deterioration, yet of which will be currently known of which there will be an association between global intellectual impairment in addition to Parkinson’s where of which occurs late in life.
The cells lost in Parkinson’s are associated with the neuro-chemical Dopamine in addition to the motor symptoms of Parkinson’s are associated the dopamine deficiency. Treatment involves administration of dopamine precursor L-dopa which can alleviate symptoms including intellectual impairment. Research suggests of which may possibly bring to the fore emotional effects in patients who have had
psychiatric illness at some prior stage in their lives.
AFFECTIVE DOMAIN In old age our self concept gets its final revision. We make a final assessment of the value of our lives in addition to our balance of success in addition to failures.
How well a person adapts to old age may be predicated by how well the person adapted to earlier significant adjustments. If the person suffered an emotional crisis each time a significant change was needed then adaptation to the exigencies of old age may also be difficult. Factors such as economic security, geographic location in addition to physical health are important to the adaptive process.
Need Fulfilment: For all of us, according to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs theory, we are not free to pursue the higher needs of self actualisation unless the basic needs are secured. When one considers of which many, perhaps most, old people are living in poverty in addition to continually concerned with basic survival needs, they are not likely to be happily satisfying needs related to prestige, achievement in addition to beauty.
Belonging, love, identification
Esteem: Achievement, prestige, success, self respect
Self actualisation: Expressing one’s interests in addition to talents to the full.
Note: Old people who have secured their basic needs may be motivated to work on tasks of the highest levels inside the hierarchy – activities concerned with aesthetics, creativity in addition to altruistic matters, as compensation for loss of sexual attractiveness in addition to athleticism. Aged care workers fixated on getting old people to focus on social activities may only succeed in frustrating in addition to irritating them if their basic survival concerns are not secured to their satisfaction.
Social aging according to Cumming, E. in addition to Henry, W. (Growing old: the aging process of disengagement, NY, Basic 1961) follows a well defined pattern:
1. Change in role. Change in occupation in addition to productivity. Possibly change
in attitude to work.
2. Loss of role, e.g. retirement or death of a husband.
3. Reduced social interaction. With loss of role social interactions are
diminished, eccentric adjustment can further reduce social interaction, damage
to self concept, depression.
4. Awareness of scarcity of remaining time. of which produces further curtailment of
activity in interest of saving time.
Havighurst, R. et al (in B. Neugarten (ed.) Middle age in addition to aging, U. of Chicago, 1968) in addition to others have suggested of which disengagement will be not an inevitable process. They believe the needs of the old are essentially the same as in middle age in addition to the activities of middle age should be extended as long as possible. Havighurst points out the decrease in social interaction of the aged will be often largely the
result of society withdrawing via the individual as much as the reverse. To combat of which he believes the individual must vigorously resist the limitations of his social world.
DEATH The fear of the dead amongst tribal societies will be well established. Persons who had ministered to the dead were taboo in addition to required observe various rituals including seclusion for varying periods of time. In some societies via South America to Australia of which will be taboo for certain persons to utter the name of the dead. Widows in addition to widowers are anticipated to observe rituals in respect for the dead.
Widows inside the Highlands of brand new Guinea around Goroka chop of one of their own fingers. The dead continue their existence as spirits in addition to upsetting them can bring dire consequences.
Wahl, C in “The fear of death”, 1959 noted of which the fear of death occurs as early as the 3rd year of life. When a child loses a pet or grandparent fears reside inside the unspoken questions: Did I cause of which? Will happen to you (parent) soon? Will of which happen to me? The child in such situations needs to re-assure of which the departure will be not a censure, in addition to of which the parent will be not likely to depart soon. Love, grief, guilt, anger are a mix of conflicting emotions of which are experienced.
CONTEMPORARY ATTITUDES TO DEATH
Our culture places high value on youth, beauty, high status occupations, social class in addition to anticipated future activities in addition to achievement. Aging in addition to dying are denied in addition to avoided in of which system. The death of each person reminds us of our own mortality.
The death of the elderly will be less disturbing to members of Western society because the aged are not especially valued. Surveys have established of which nurses for example attach more importance to saving a young life than an old life. In Western society there will be a pattern of avoiding dealing with the aged in addition to dying aged patient.
Stages of dying. Elisabeth Kubler Ross has specialised in working with dying patients in addition to in her “On death in addition to dying”, NY, Macmillan, 1969, summarised 5 stages in dying.
1. Denial in addition to isolation. “No, not me”.
2. Anger. “I’ve lived a Great life so why me?”
3. Bargaining. Secret deals are struck with God. “If I can live until…I promise to…”
4. Depression. (In general the greatest psychological problem of the aged will be depression). Depression results via real in addition to threatened loss.
5. Acceptance of the inevitable.
Kubler Ross’s typology as set out above should, I believe be taken having a grain of salt in addition to not slavishly accepted. Celebrated US Journalist David Rieff who was in June ’08 a guest of the Sydney writer’s festival in relation to his book, “Swimming in a sea of death: a son’s memoir” (Melbourne University Press) expressly denied the validity of the Kubler Ross typology in his Late Night Live interview (Australian ABC radio) with Philip Adams June 9th ’08. He said something to the effect of which his mother had regarded her impending death as murder. My own experience with dying persons suggests of which the human ego will be extraordinarily resilient. I recall visiting a dying colleague in hospital just days before his death. He said, “I’m dying, I don’t like of which yet there’s nothing I can do about of which”, in addition to then went on to chortle about how senior academics at an Adelaide university had told him they were submitting his name for a the Order of Australia (the brand new “Knighthood” replacement in Australia). Falling in in addition to out of lucid thought with an oxygen tube in his nostrils he was nevertheless still highly interested inside the “vain glories of the earth”. of which observation to me seemed consistent with Rieff’s negative assessment of Kubler Ross’s theories.
THE AGED IN RELATION TO YOUNGER PEOPLE
The aged share with the young the same needs: However, the aged often have fewer or weaker resources to meet those needs. Their need for social interaction may be ignored by family in addition to care workers.
Family should make time to visit their aged members in addition to invite them to their homes. The aged like to visit children in addition to relate to them through games in addition to stories.
Meaningful relationships can be developed via foster-grandparent programs. Some aged are not aware of their income in addition to health entitlements. Family in addition to friends should take the time to explain these. Some aged are too proud to access their entitlements in addition to of which problem should be addressed in a kindly way where of which occurs.
of which will be best of which the aged be allowed as much choice as possible in matters related to living arrangements, social life in addition to lifestyle.
Communities serving the aged need to provide for the aged via such things as lower curbing, in addition to ramps.
Carers need to examine their own attitude to aging in addition to dying. Denial inside the carer will be detected by the aged person in addition to of which can inhibit the aged person via expressing negative feelings – fear, anger. If the person can express these feelings to someone then of which person will be less likely to die having a sense of isolation in addition to bitterness.
A METAPHYSICAL PERSPECTIVE
The following notes are my interpretation of a Dr. Depak Chopra lecture entitled, “The brand new Physics of Healing” which he presented to the 13th Scientific Conference of the American Holistic Medical Association. Dr. Depak Chopra will be an endocrinologist in addition to a former Chief of Staff of brand new England Hospital, Massachusetts. I am deliberately omitting the detail of his explanations of the more abstract, ephemeral in addition to controversial ideas.
Original material via 735 Walnut Street, Boulder, Colorado 83002,
Phone. +303 449 6229.
inside the lecture Dr. Chopra presents a design of the universe in addition to of all organisms as structures of interacting centres of electromagnetic energy linked to each different in such a way of which anything affecting one part of a system or structure has ramifications throughout the entire structure. of which design becomes an analogue not only for what happens within the structure or organism itself, yet between the organism in addition to both its physical in addition to social environments. In different words there will be a correlation between psychological
conditions, health in addition to the aging process. Dr. Chopra in his lecture reconciles ancient Vedic (Hindu) philosophy with modern psychology in addition to quantum physics.
Premature Precognitive Commitment: Dr. Chopra invokes experiments of which have shown of which flies kept for a long time in a jar do not quickly leave the jar when the top will be taken off. Instead they accept the jar as the limit of their universe. He also points out of which in India baby elephants are often kept tethered to a smaller twig or sapling. In adulthood when the elephant will be capable of pulling over a medium sized tree of which can still be successfully tethered to a twig! As another example he points to experiments in which fish are bred on
2 sides of a fish tank containing a divider between the 2 sides. When the divider will be removed the fish are slow to learn of which they can currently swim throughout the whole tank yet rather stay inside the section of which they accept as their universe. different experiments have demonstrated of which kittens brought up in an environment of vertical stripes in addition to structures, when released in adulthood keep bumping into anything aligned horizontally as if they were unable to see anything of which will be horizontal. Conversely kittens brought up in an environment of horizontal stripes when released bump into vertical structures, apparently unable to see them.
The whole point of the above experiments will be of which they demonstrate Premature Precognitive Commitment. The lesson to be learned will be of which our sensory apparatus develops as a result of initial experience in addition to how we’ve been taught to interpret of which.
What will be the real look of the earth? of which doesn’t exist. The way the earth looks to us will be determined by the sensory receptors we have in addition to our interpretation of of which look will be determined by our premature precognitive commitments. Dr Chopra makes the point of which less than a billionth of the available stimuli make of which into our nervous systems. Most of of which will be screened, in addition to what gets through to us will be whatever we are
expecting to find on the basis of our precognitive commitments.
Dr. Chopra also discusses the diseases of which are actually caused by mainstream medical interventions, yet of which material gets too far away via my central intention. Dr. Chopra discusses in lay terms the physics of matter, energy in addition to time by way of establishing the wider context of our existence. He makes the point of which our bodies including the bodies of plants are mirrors of cosmic rhythms in addition to exhibit adjustments correlating even with the tides.
Dr. Chopra cites the experiments of Dr. Herbert Spencer of the US National Institute of Health. He injected mice with Poly-IC, an immuno-stimulant while creating the mice repeatedly smell camphor. After the effect of the Poly-IC had worn off he again exposed the mice to the camphor smell. The smell of camphor had the effect of causing the mice’s immune system to automatically strengthen
as if they had been injected with the stimulant. He then took another batch of mice in addition to injected them with cyclophosphamide which tends to destroy the immune system while exposing them to the smell of camphor. Later after being returned to normal just the smell of camphor was enough to cause destruction of their immune system. Dr. Chopra points out of which whether or not camphor enhanced or
destroyed the mice’s immune system was entirely determined by an interpretation of the meaning of the smell of camphor. The interpretation will be not just inside the brain yet in each cell of the organism. We are bound to our imagination in addition to our
Chopra cites a study by the Massachusetts Dept of Health Education in addition to Welfare into risk factors for heart disease – family history, cholesterol etc. The 2 most important risk factors were found to be psychological measures – Self Happiness Rating in addition to Job Satisfaction. They found most people died of heart disease on a Monday!
Chopra says of which for every feeling there will be a molecule. If you are experiencing tranquillity your body will be producing natural valium. Chemical adjustments inside the brain are reflected by adjustments in different cells including blood cells. The brain produces neuropeptides in addition to brain structures are chemically tuned to these neuropeptide receptors. Neuropeptides (neurotransmitters) are the chemical concommitants of thought. Chopra points out the white blood cells (a part of the immune system) have neuropeptide receptors in addition to are “eavesdropping” on our thinking. Conversely the immune system produces its own neuropeptides which can influence the nervous system. He goes on to say of which cells in all parts of the body including heart in addition to kidneys for example also produce neuropeptides in addition to
neuropeptide sensitivity. Chopra assures us of which most neurologists would likely agree of which the nervous system in addition to the immune system are parallel systems.
different studies in physiology: The blood interlukin-2 levels of medical students decreased as exam time neared in addition to their interlukin receptor capacities also lowered. Chopra says if we are having fun to the point of exhilaration our natural interlukin-2 levels become higher. Interlukin-2 will be a powerful in addition to very expensive anti-cancer drug. The body will be a printout of consciousness. If we could change the way we look at our bodies at a genuine, profound level then our bodies would likely actually change.
On the subject of “time” Chopra cites Sir Thomas Gall in addition to Steven Hawkins, stating of which our description of the universe as having a past, present, in addition to future are constructed entirely out of our interpretation of change. yet in
reality linear time doesn’t exist.
Chopra explains the work of Alexander Leaf a former Harvard Professor of Preventative Medicine who toured the earth investigating societies where people lived beyond 100 years (these included parts of Afghanistan, Soviet Georgia, Southern Andes). He looked at possible factors including climate, genetics, in addition to diet. Leaf concluded the most important factor was the collective perception of aging in these societies.
Amongst the Tama Humara of the Southern Andes there was a collective belief of which the older you got the more physically able you got. They had a tradition of running in addition to the older one became then generally the better at running one got. The best runner was aged 60. Lung capacity in addition to different measures actually much better with age. People were healthy until well into their 100s in addition to died in their sleep. Chopra remarks of which things have changed since the introduction of Budweiser (beer) in addition to TV.
[DISCUSSION: How might TV be a factor in changing the former ideal state of things?]
Chopra refers to Dr. Ellen Langor a former Harvard Psychology professor’s work. Langor advertised for 100 volunteers aged over 70 years. She took them to a Monastery outside Boston to play “Let’s Pretend”. They were divided into 2 groups each of which resided in a different part of the building. One group, the control group spent several days talking about the 1950s. The different group, the experimental group had to live as if inside the year 1959 in addition to talk about of which inside the present tense. What appeared on their TV screens were the old newscasts in addition to movies. They read old newspapers in addition to magazines of the period. After 3 days everyone was photographed in addition to the photographs judged by independent judges who knew nothing of the nature of the experiment. The experimental group seemed to
have gotten younger in appearance. Langor then arranged for them to be tested for 100 physiological parameters of aging which included of course blood pressure, near point vision in addition to DHEA levels. After 10 days of living as if in 1959 all parameters had reversed by the equivalent of at least 20 years.
Chopra concludes via Langor’s experiment: “We are the metabolic end product of our sensory experiences. How we interpret them depends on the collective mindset which influences individual biological entropy in addition to aging.”
Can one escape the current collective mindset in addition to reap the benefits in longevity in addition to health? Langor says, society won’t let you escape. There are too many reminders of how most people think linear time will be in addition to how of which expresses itself in entropy in addition to aging – men are naughty at 40 in addition to on social welfare at 55, women reach menopause at 40 etc. We get to see so many different people aging in addition to dying of which of which sets the pattern of which we follow.
Chopra concludes we are the metabolic product of our sensory experience in addition to our interpretation gets structured in our biology itself. Real change comes via change inside the collective consciousness – otherwise of which cannot occur within the individual.
Chopra, D. The brand new Physics of Healing. 735 Walnut Street, Boulder, Colorado 83002,
Phone. +303 449 6229.
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