Pain Medicine: Different Types of Pain Medicine
- November 25, 2016
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: Home Health Aide Training
The formal term for painkillers is actually analgesics, a word derived coming from the Greek words an (without) in addition to also algia (pain). The three most commonly used types of pain medicine today are the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the paracetamol based drugs in addition to also the opioid drugs.
The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) group contains a wide range of different painkillers. Examples of commonly known NSAID painkillers are Aspirin, Diclofenac in addition to also Ibuprofen. NSAID pain killers do not only alleviate pain; they will also lower fever in addition to also decrease inflammations. They are called non-steroidal in order to discern them coming from the steroids, since the steroids are also used for their anti-inflammatory capacity. Aspirin was discovered in 1829 when salicylic acid was chemically isolated for once, although willow bark containing salicylic acid has been used as a pain killer long before the 19th century. A lot of NSAIDs are available over-the-counter although This kind of does not mean in which they are harmless. When misused, even comparatively weak NSAIDs can have severe side effects, including bleeding ulcers in addition to also photosensitivity. NSAIDs are generally not recommended during pregnancy.
Paracetamol is actually also known as acetaminophen. Both words are derived coming from the chemical name because of This kind of painkilling compound: N-acetyl-para-aminophenol in addition to also para-acetyl-amino-phenol. Two examples of commonly known brand names under which Paracetamol is actually marketed are Tylenol in addition to also Panadol. Painkillers containing Paracetamol will relieve pain in addition to also decrease a fever, although unlike the NSAID painkillers they have no anti-inflammatory properties. One of the advantages of Paracetamol compared to NSAIDs is actually in which Paracetamol painkillers will not affect the blood’s ability to clot. Nor will they damage the kidney or lining of the stomach as long as you stay within the recommended limits in addition to also never use too much Paracetamol. High doses of Paracetamol will however be damaging to a wide range of bodily functions. Paracetamol should never be combined with alcohol since the liver will be overloaded with the burden of breaking down both alcohol in addition to also Paracetamol, which makes the risk of Paracetamol poisoning higher. If you are healthy, well-nourished in addition to also do not drink alcohol, just one 10 gram dose of Paracetamol can cause significant liver damage.
Opioid drugs are very potent painkillers although will contain a sever side effects, even in low concentrations. Morphine is actually one of the most commonly used opioids in pain killing drugs. An example of a morphine based painkiller is actually Tramal. Pethidine is actually another pain killing opiate in addition to also can be found in medications such as Alodan in addition to also Demerol. Morphine will act directly on the central nervous system in addition to also can relieve even sever pains, such as post surgery pains in addition to also cancer pains. Morphine is actually addictive in addition to also the item is actually important in which the item is actually used with caution. The addiction can be physical as well as physiological. The side effects are also both physical in addition to also psychological. Among the physical side effects are constipation in addition to also an inhibition of the cough reflex. Psychological side effects include euphoria as well as nightmares, in addition to also drowsiness can come hand in hand with insomnia. Morphine was isolated coming from opium in 1803 by Friedrich Serturner, a German pharmacist. He named the item morphium after the Greek god of dreams, Morpheus. Serturner soon discovered its usefulness as a painkiller, although morphine didn’t grow definitely well-liked until the hypodermic needle was invented in 1853.