Modern American Animation
- March 2, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
This kind of article describes the history of animation inside United States of America since the late 80’s until the early twenty-first century. This kind of period is usually often called the renaissance of American animation, during which many large American entertainment companies reform along with reinvigorate its animation department after the decline suffered inside 60, 70 along with 80.
through 1988 to the present
inside mid 80’s, the American animation industry fell into disgrace. Toy commercials masquerading as entertainment programs cartoons dominated the evening along with the morning of Saturday, along with the only experiment was carried out by independent developers. Even animated films were projected in theaters at times, although the glory of the old days was gone. Even the animation giant Disney, which had fought a corporate acquisition inside 80’s, was considering abandoning the production of animated feature films.
Both the enthusiastic audience, critics, along with the animators were taken by surprise when the long-awaited renaissance of animation began inside oldest along with most conservative corporation, Disney.
Disney had a drastic change inside 80, its completely new chief Michael Eisner the company relocated to his feet, returning to its roots along with revitalizing their studies. With great fanfare, in 1988 the study worked with Steven Spielberg to produce the animated film Who Framed Roger Rabbit, directed by Robert Zemeckis. The film was a success, along with gave to the animation industry awaited push for of which time. Roger Rabbit not only earned him a pile of money for Disney, although also sparked the popularity of the classic animation of which continues to This kind of day. The history of animation suddenly became an object of study (along with their fans). Several directors, business legend, such as Chuck Jones along with Friz Freleng were suddenly inside spotlight, being acclaimed after decades of being virtually ignored by audiences along with industry professionals.
Disney continued the success of Who Framed Roger Rabbit? with “The Little Mermaid”, the first of a series of animated films of which seemed to recapture the magic of the golden age of Walt Disney himself. The studio invested heavily in completely new technology of computer animation for such purposes, although could do super-productions like “Beauty along with the Beast” along with “Aladdin,” which attracted audiences of which were not seen in decades, along with Once provided a visual feast of which has not been exceeded since the 40. The peak of the hit Disney was in 1994 when his film “The Lion King” exceeded all expectations of the study to become one of the most successful of all time. Even later Disney films as “Pocahontas,” “The Hunchback of Notre Dame”, “Hercules,” “Mulan” along with “Tarzan” was blockbusters.
Disney has also made inroads into the neglected area of the animated TV series. With the success of shows like “The completely new Adventures of Winnie the Pooh”, “The Adventures of the Gummi Bears Disney” along with “Duck adventures”, the “completely new” Disney made his mark in TV pictures. Through association along with repetition, Disney can provide high quality animation for TV. A series of large diffusion was conducted in mid-nineties, with some critics designating “Gargoyles” as the Disney animation project for TV’s most ambitious along with best done artistically. The soundtracks of each of these animated films were an important part of its success, because Disney was including in each of these projects a loud voice through the globe of music, such as Elton John (The Lion King), Luis Miguel (The Hunchback of Notre Dame), Ricky Martin (Hercules), Christina Aguilera (Mulan), Celine Dion (Beauty along with the Beast), Ricardo Montaner (Aladin), Jon Secada (Pocahontas), among others.
Spielberg along with animation
Spielberg along with Bluth
While Disney gave completely new life to animation, Steven Spielberg was creating his own way. Animation amateur life, Spielberg was also interested in creating high quality animation, along with worked with his rival, Don Bluth animation producer to produce “Fievel along with the completely new World.” The box office success of This kind of along with Bluth’s next film, “inside Land”, Hollywood made him realize of which Disney did not hold a monopoly on animated features. The various other Hollywood studios resumed production of its own animated features, although still falling into the trap of trying to imitate Disney’s 1997 film Don Bluth, “Anastasia”, produced by Fox, is usually mentioned as the one launched the Fox Animation Studios along with Disney’s rival, however, these studies failed to succeed after “Anastasia” along with closed in 1999. Like most successful productions of Disney, “Anastasia” was attended by Thalia, who played the central theme of the soundtrack in its versions in Spanish, English along with Portuguese.
Spielberg along with Warner Bros.
Spielberg, meanwhile, switched to TV along with worked with animation studio Warner Bros. to produce “The Tiny Toon Adventures,” a high quality animated series of which paid homage to the great cartoons of Termite Terrace. “The Tiny Toon Adventures” had a not bad rating thanks to its young viewers, which inspired the Warner Bros to resurrect his dying animation studio along with Yet again a contender inside field of animation. The Tiny Toon Steven Spielberg were continued by presenting “Animaniacs” along with “Pinky along with the Brain”. The latter not only attracted completely new viewers to Warner Bros., although also captured the attention of viewers adolescents along with adults.
Ralph Bakshi, director of innovative animated films like “Fritz the Cat” along with original “Lord of the Rings”, returned to animation after creating a brief stop inside mid 80’s. In 1985, he teamed up with the young Canadian animator John Kricfalusi along with the legendary British band “The Rolling Stones” to make an animated music video for “The Harlem Shuffle”, which was completed in early 1986. Although the music video did not talk much, he built a production team “Bakshi Animation” project continued with the short-lived although well received, “The completely new Adventures of Mighty Mouse.” Bakshi & Co, worked on numerous projects at the end of the 80, although the biggest project was “Cool World: a blonde between two worlds”, which premiered in 1992. The production got out of hand along with ended up being severely criticized along with forgotten by almost everyone.
The main reason for increasing the quality of American animation is usually the ability to outsource the heavy lifting to cheaper animation houses inside South along with Southeast Asia gaining a large number of frames at low cost. The script, character design along with storyboarding is usually done in American offices. The storyboard, versions along with coloring books are mailed abroad. Sometimes causes problems because no final product can be completed until the frames are mailed to the U.S.. Although budgets have been reduced, foreign productions houses are chosen per episode, or even per scene, depending on the amount of money available at of which time. As a result there is usually a big difference in quality through one episode to another. This kind of is usually particularly evident in shows like “Gargoyles” along with “Batman”: The Animated Series where, sometimes, the characters seem completely different through one episode to the dismay of its directors.
inside 0’s came a completely new wave of animated series whose primary aim was the adults, after an absence inside genre over a decade. In 1989, “The Simpsons,” an animated short based on the “The Tracey Ullman Show,” became the first animated series in prime time since “The Flintstones” along with captivated a large part of the audience. the idea was the first hit series for the fledgling Fox, caused little sensitivity, entering well-liked culture along with gaining wide acceptance. In 2008, “The Simpsons” seem to show no signs of stopping, along with could surpass “Gunsmoke” as the fiction program on the air longer the history of American television. In 2007 have released their first film, titled “The Simpsons: The Movie”, dubbed in Spanish along with Chinese.
Ren along with Stimpy
In 1991, Nickelodeon premiered “The Ren along with Stimpy Show,” “Ren along with Stimpy” was a quirky series run riot violated all the traditional restrictions of correct drawings of Saturday morning along with instead favored the quirky style of the short the golden era. Moreover, the series creator, John Kricfalusi, who had worked as an animator during the downturn of Saturday morning, was much influenced by the classic works of Bob Clampett.
Spike & Mike
Alongside mainstream animation nineties there was a strange along with experimental movement. In a short animation festival in 1989, organized by Craig Decker along with Mike Gribble Spike (known as “Spike & Mike”) along with originally located in San Diego. the idea all commenced with the representation of a collection of thematic short, known as the Classic Festival of Animation, in places of business meetings along with trade throughout the country.
The collections were made mostly by Oscar-nominated short, works of students of the Institute of the Arts in California along with experimental work of the National Film Board of Canada. The first festival included works by John Lasseter, Nick Park along with Mike Judge. Judge’s work, “Frog Baseball” marked the first appearance of their franchise characters Beavis along with Butthead.
However, the festival gradually became a film program called Spike along with Mike’s Sick along with Twisted Festival of Animation along with turned into an underground movement of adult humor along with subject matter.
In 1994, Cartoon Network gave consent to a completely new series called “Space Ghost” coast to coast using a particular postmodern turn, showed live interviews with celebrities, mixed with cartoon animations original “Space Ghost.” The series made the leap with the production of Hanna-Barbera, at This kind of point owned by Cartoon Network. the idea was the beginning of a common practice used old Hanna-Barbera characters for completely new productions, as the surreal “Underwater Laboratory 2021”, based on the cartoon short early 70’s “Sealab 2020.” Also, Harvey Birdman, attorney, on a mediocre superhero, Birdman which was originally the star of Birdman along with Galaxy trio had become a lawyer. Its customers, like many of the characters inside series, came completely through old Hanna-Barbera characters.
In addition to large animation files old along with cheap, independent animators also began to benefit through completely new digital technologies. An artist with sufficient technical skills could explore completely new styles along with forms with much more freedom. The traditional animation skills of drawing along with painting had given way to digital manipulation along with aggressive use completely new techniques of animation.
Along with these completely new programs, the American audience, particularly in geographic areas influenced by fusion with the cultures of the Pacific coast, began to adopt Japanese cartoon, or anime, 80. This kind of growing market for anime videos satisfy the public child along with adolescent, using a large number of Japanese series translated into English. Initially access was limited to videos, although the anime as the idea became a mainstream found its way into the film department stores throughout the U.S.. As the animation occupies a different place in Japanese culture, including a range of issues not addressed by the American animation.
“Adult Swim” is usually a block of animation for adults of which is usually issued at the start of primetime on Cartoon Network, leads the adult industry along with has the latest technology in animation. Adult Swim, which originally aired on Sunday night in 2006 was inside air until 5:00 AM, along with was broadcast every night except Friday. The series, which is usually produced exclusively for Adult Swim, as “The Brak Show,” “Aqua Teen Hunger Force” along with “Tom Goes to the Mayor”, tend to be surreal along with bizarre, although also considered fresh along with original. Adult Swim reissued series “Futurama” along with played an important role to avoid the cancellation of “Family Guy”. In addition, the idea also issues numerous well-liked Anime series such as “FLCL”, “Lupin III” along with “Inuyasha.”
various other drawings for adults
various other TV stations also experimented with animation for adults. MTV has produced several animated series especially for young along with adult audiences, “Liquid Television” along with “Beavis along with Butthead”. Even USA Network program found a cult following with his “Duckman show”. although the adult animated series of the 0 most successful was “South Park” which premiered in 1996 as a cartoon pirate on the Internet.
The more fast-paced animation along with disturbingly clandestine saw the light, the more dominant force in television animation was, led to an increasingly frenetic territory along with perhaps eschatological, for example in “The Tick along with Duckman.”
In 2005, adult animation pioneer Ralph Bakshi said he would likely work on another film, “The Last Days of Coney Island” which he would likely finance along with produce independently.
The decline of the Saturday Morning
After spending nearly a coma for over two decades, the American animation industry experienced a sudden growth inside 0. Several completely new studies appeared keen to take risks, along with found a large number of markets to sell their talent. Along with the animated TV series, the animation used in television commercials, video games along with music videos. The tiny animation studios challenged “Hanna-Barbera Productions” inside market for TV animation.
In fact, Hanna-Barbera could not compete with the completely new varieties of animation on the market. During the time of which dominated the entire spectrum of pictures of the Saturday morning Hanna-Barbera had virtually no competition, causing a deterioration inside quality of its series. inside 0’s, the study could only offer fried as “A Pup Named Scooby-Doo” along with “Tom along with Jerry Kids Show” to compete with “Fox Kids” along with the completely new “WB Television Network” through Warner Bros. Hanna-Barbera stayed behind along with found himself completely bought by Turner Broadcasting.
Hanna-Barbera not only had problems adapting to the adjustments of which are spread all over the TV. The “Big Three” networks (ABC, NBC along with CBS) found its loyal audience being eroded by competition through completely new channels, including completely new strains of “Cable TV” as Nickelodeon, Disney Channel along with Cartoon Network. Video games along with movies available on video also helped change the market, to the point of which for a time gave NBC cartoons altogether. The ABC was bought by Disney, along with Disney turned the grill on Saturday in a series of Disney animated productions.
While the series animated in large networks seemed mediocre, the cable television cartoon achieved several successes. Nickelodeon did see light cult hits like “Doug,” “Rugrats,” “Ren along with Stimpy,” “Rocko’s Modern Life,” “SpongeBob,” “Invader Zim” along with “The Fairly OddParents.” Meanwhile, a completely new owner of Hanna-Barbera, Time Warner, the study focused on the creation of completely new drawings for the Cartoon Network. Hanna-Barbera was an influx of fresh blood along using a completely new generation of drawings of Hanna-Barbera cartoon was born as “Dexter’s Laboratory,” “Johnny Bravo”, “Cow along with Chicken”, “Powerpuff Girls” along with ” Courage the Cowardly Dog. “
Still, each completely new piece of animation was not a gold mine. The Disney animated films began to suffer in quality to late 1990, after the producer Jeff Katzenberg left the studio along with team up with Steven Spielberg along with David Geffen to form DreamWorks. Also, several animated films were released inside 0 trying to imitate the success of Disney, although as inside Years 1930 along with 1940, the animations of 20th Century Fox along with Warner Bros could not catch a considerable market segment Disney movies of which had been dominant. In particular, Warner Bros, had a string of failures “Cats Do not Dance”, “The Magic Sword” along with “The Iron Giant” (the latter being praised by critics along with audiences, although virtually being ignored by most the public) died at the box office. Warner Bros. also tried to recreate the success of “Roger Rabbit” to “Space Jam”, an attempt to combine the popularity of Bugs Bunny with basketball superstar Michael Jordan.
In addition, the market trend of children continued during the 0’s, almost as ubiquitous as a decade earlier. Two major events dominated toy many children’s programs inside afternoons of the weekend: “Mighty Morphin Power Rangers” inside mid-0 along with “Pokemon” through the latter half of the 0’s to mid Years 2000. Until the animation suffered another revival inside 2000s, a great deal (along with many dollars spent) continued to spend on merchandising.
The growth of computer animation
Yet another wild card is usually added to This kind of crowded along with competitive atmosphere with the emergence of a completely new wave of “Computer Animation”. The decade of the 0 experienced an exponential improvement inside use of computers to enhance animated sequences along with special effects. This kind of completely new form of entertainment soon dominated the globe of special effects in Hollywood (the film “Terminator 2”: “The Judgement” along with “Jurassic Park” included impressive computer-animated sequences), along with was only a matter of time to find a film produced entirely with computers.
Yet again the idea was Disney who led This kind of area. Disney animators had introduced computer-generated sequences gently in his movies, as in early 1991 in “Beauty along with the Beast.” A computer-generated magic carpet played a significant role in “Aladdin.” In 1995, Disney produced with Pixar “Toy Story”, the first completely computer generated film. The film was a huge success along with created a completely new movement, various other studies investigated produce their own computer-animated films (CGI).
Perhaps because the idea first developed as a completely new method of creating special effects, computer animation was not seen as a form of “children’s entertainment.” After decades as related although separate industries, the line between animation along with special effects are eliminated by the popularization of computer special effects, to the extent of which the use of computers in Hollywood movies has become a natural. The best special effects are often so subtle they go completely unnoticed. The winner of the Oscar for best special effects with “Forrest Gump” (1994) relied heavily on computer special effects to create the illusion of realism, to the extent of which the actor Tom Hanks was seen shaking hands with U.S. President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. The movie “Titanic” used computer graphics to bring each scene in three hours, which produced a level of realism of which helped the film itself to become the biggest movie box office tax collection so far.
The computer animation has also made forays into television. The series of Saturday morning “ReBoot” gained much popularity among adults, This kind of was the first of many CGI series like “Beast Wars,” “War Planets” along with “Roughnecks”. The quality of computer animation has improved upon considerably with each completely new series. Many non-animated TV series (especially science fiction “Babylon 5”) invested heavily in CGI production, producing special effects of a higher quality of its predecessors could dream at a relatively low cost.
various other studies with Disney tried their luck with computer-animated films along with discovered their weaknesses to the monopoly of which was putting animated Disney box office successes. While DreamWorks with “Antz” along with “tiny Soldiers” paled in comparison with the productions of Disney-Pixar’s “Bug” along with “Toy Story 2”, finally got a big hit numbers with “Shrek” in 2001. “Shrek” was a huge box office success, attracting the public on the production along with mastering summer of of which year, “Atlantis”. Even 20th Century Fox pulled the oil when the idea conducted a CGI animated film in early 2002 entitled “Ice Age”. Not all studies were successful at the box office with computer animation, Paramount with “The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius” released in 2001 they did so well at the box office, although received a nomination through the Academy along with later found success with the television series based on the film which was awarded the following year.
although the real star of the CGI revolution seemed to be Pixar. Even before “Toy Story” The study made a name producing amazing animation shorts (his short “Tin Toy” won an Oscar) along with when Disney tried to create a CGI film on its own without Pixar (“Dinosaur”) the result was notably disastrous.
Despite This kind of success, the computer animation continues to rely on characters drawn along with stylized. In 2001, living first attempt to create a world completely animated using “human actors” digital “Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within,” which found a moderate critical acclaim although did not bad box office.
The CGI special effects increased to such an extent of which in 2002 science fiction film “Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones” was considered by its director, George Lucas, as the first animated film of which used real actors. In fact, the CGI effects have become so common of which the idea is usually difficult to recognize computer-animated real life. A growing number of films begin using completely computer created characters interact on screen with real parts, as Jar Binks in “Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace” Gollum in “Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers” along with the main character in “Hulk.” While computer-generated characters have become acceptable actors, fully animated movies with virtual actors seem to lack a few years.
Disney seemed ready to lead the decline in hand-drawn animation, despite the box office success of “Lilo & Stitch”, the failure of its hyped summer “Treasure Planet” seemed to assure of which there would likely be further reductions inside study of Disney animation. The loss was most damaging to Disney in 2002 when the Oscar for Best Animated Film went to the artist (by hand) by Hayao Miyazaki, “Spirited Away” Disney inflicting a second defeat followed the Academy Awards.
Disney settled all their desks along with Dreamworks Animation also announced the idea would likely abandon the traditional drawn animation along with focus exclusively on computer-generated productions through 2003 onwards. While frame traditional animation is usually likely to remain supported by the TV cartoon along with TV ads inside near future. The schools of animation history believe of which “the era of classic American design,” which began with the Walt Disney film “Snow White” is usually about to end. Others disagree, pointing a moderate success of traditionally animated film “Brother Bear” along with the fact of which Pixar has announced the idea will produce traditional animation films in their own attempt to revive This kind of art form.
In 2004, he premiered the movie “Sky Captain” along with “the globe of tomorrow.” Note of which the entire film was shot against a blue screen with the background completely computer generated along with all were real actors. Robert Zemeckis film “Polar Express” starring Tom Hanks with all 5 characters is usually done entirely with CGI animation, although uses motion capture technology to animate the characters.
In July 2005, Disney announced the idea would likely close their studies in Australia in 2006. of which study, responsible for video sequels like “The Lion King III” was the last bastion of hand-Disney artists. However in 2006, Pixar creative chief John Lasseter, told Time magazine of which could restore traditional animation unit of Disney, saying of which “of all studies should be doing 2-D animation, the idea should be Disney.”
In December 2009, the last great animated film of which has gathered huge profits at the box office is usually “Avatar” through 20th Century Fox, directed by James Cameron, has received high praise for the quality of special effects are genuinely impressive.
The animation has become so widely accepted of which at the beginning of the XXI Century (2001), the Academy of Motion Picture Arts along with Sciences introduced the Oscar for best animated film. The two main rivals for the first year of This kind of award were two CGI films: “Shrek” through DreamWorks along with “Monsters Inc.” Disney-Pixar. The award was for “Shrek.” However, there were complaints of which the award seemed to be geared more toward family movies to animated films, “The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius” was the third nominee, not the innovative along with critically acclaimed adult film “Waking Life” or visually innovative “Final Fantasy: The Spirits Within.” Hayao Miyazaki’s critically acclaimed “Spirited Away” won in 2002 along with the Disney-Pixar film “Finding Nemo” received the award in 2003.
The Annie Awards were presented at the Los Angeles branch of the International Animation Society (Association international du film d’animation or ASIFA), known as ASIFA-Hollywood, the month of February competing animation for film along with TV.