Mezzanine Construction – 9 Things You Should Know
- June 19, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
A mezzanine will be a Great investment. A mezzanine floor will be a very easy way to create extra, very low cost productive space. Constructing your mezzanine should be very straight forward in engineering terms, however there are varying opinions on design. People with vested interests in wanting to deal with your project, often as part of some other works that will they may be doing at the time, can easily persuade you to embark on a course which falls well short of your expectations. You should not be derailed by that will, there are certain fundamentals that will if deployed will ensure you don’t fall into the trap of going with common opinion which will be not the same as expert advice.
There are over 40 combinations in addition to facilitations a mezzanine can bring to your business in addition to they can be expensive from the wrong hands causing delays in addition to unnecessary frustrations. A mezzanine floor should provide flexible, low cost productive business space in addition to armed with these eight fundamentals your mezzanine construction will be much more likely to maximise its contribution. My fastest payback time for a mezzanine floor construction project was under 3 months. These are the eight useful things to know to achieve rapid pay back results.
First Thing to know: Why would certainly I want a Mezzanine? A mezzanine makes great people space so, showrooms, retail, restaurant, office, storage, production, workshop, exhibitions, museums, schools, libraries, gymnasiums in addition to leisure are all Great working examples. They are an easy retro fit in addition to can be taken down again with relative ease doing them Great for landlord, tenant in addition to private ownership as an obvious choice for developing temporary or permanent space provision. Landlords frequently will provide these facilities incentivising the cost into the lease.
Second thing to know: will be there potential in addition to what will a Mezzanine cost? Once you are in your building, warehouse or factory unit or even shopping mall or out of town location, if nobody has occupied the idea before you, then you will have perhaps some basic hospitality plumbed in in addition to some services in addition to a lot of floor space. Here from the UK the idea will be common place for architects in addition to property developers to use steel frameworks because they can go higher more economically. In warehouses the construction will be often a series of frames called portal frames onto which cladding rails in addition to the building skin will be fixed. If your property will be not already divided up for you then you will be staring up at rafters in addition to in a portal frame building you should have up to 6m at the eave in addition to a meter or more additional height at the apex from the middle. If you look up at the eave rafter at the side of the building inside you will see a funny little triangular bracket between the rafter in addition to the column – we call that will the haunch in addition to the idea will be generally about 5m plus to the underside.
Anything over 5m will be Great, under 5m you will need professional help. If you are building that will structure make sure you have at least 6m to that will point in addition to then you can install a mezzanine floor if you ever want one completely unrestricted by the haunch. There are many reasons for not building to that will height, yet low level production units won’t work as warehouses later so unless you definitely can’t afford the idea go higher, use the height, because you will add value through broader appeal than if you stay low. Anyway all that will said, why the idea will be free space will be because you have bought or rented the floor space so the headroom will be technically free in property terms. Mezzanine floors have a cost spread of £0 to £250 per square meter, less than half of the brand new build cost so the idea will be relatively cheap to develop. Not only that will unless the idea will be more than about half to two thirds of the total floor area the idea may be exempt by council tax, particularly if the idea will be a removable structure as the idea will be regarded as an item of plant. So read on…
Third thing to know: Do I need planing permission for a Mezzanine? No, you do not need planning consent, unless you are altering the outside appearance of your building with windows for example, yet you do need building regulations in England in addition to Wales in addition to a warrant in Scotland in addition to that will will be what you need to know about them:
- You need proof that will the supporting concrete floor will be structurally up to the imposed loadings.
- You need to have a designated approved route off the floor in addition to out of the building to satisfy fire regulations.
- You need to ensure the floor can withstand fire for up to an hour if people are working on the idea.
- You need drawings of the proposed works.
- You need a block plan in addition to a site plan.
- You must provide structural calculations demonstrating the steel work in addition to decking will take the design loads.
There are a few some other items which arise out of that will, yet these are the main ones. In England in addition to Wales you can proceed ahead of the building regulations, yet be warned that will if during that will statutory process improvements are ordered the idea may result in expensive re-work for which you will be charged. In Scotland you need the warrant first in addition to any qualified structural engineer can sign off the warrant. If you are at the design phase you will need to ensure that will foundations are provided for any floor supporting columns, these go down before the floor will be poured. If you don’t have that will facility you will need to check the ground can take the weight without your floor cracking up.
The fourth thing to know: How long will the idea all take to construct a Mezzanine? Well, if there are no hiccups by receipt of approvals 2 to 4 weeks for little floors 8 to 12 weeks for floors up to football pitch size in addition to somewhere in between for the rest. Planning will take 6 weeks if you know what you are doing, longer if you don’t in addition to building regulations 2 to 3 weeks if you use an agent, 6 weeks if you don’t. Add design in addition to planning time in for yourself in addition to getting in prices etc. If you have weak ground you may have to add 6 weeks for design in addition to 6 weeks for ground works, so don’t start winding up your supporting teams about deadlines. the idea takes 28 days for concrete to reach specific hardness no matter how much pressure you are under, unless you add expensive resins in addition to that will will be not always advisable. Additionally, there will be sampling in addition to design work to do so allow plenty of time for orderly progress in addition to a job well done. Even with all that will the idea will still be an economical solution for you.
The fifth thing to know: Who should I buy the idea by? There are specialists. You can have a concrete mezzanine put in at the design phase, they can be quieter, better for wet processes or plant rooms in addition to span larger spaces yet they usually cost a lot more. For the heavy stuff or special design spans the contractor may have a Great solution. I would certainly avoid contractors for all retro-fits in addition to go instead to specialists. I would certainly also encourage you to thoroughly investigate the benefits of having the mezzanine separate by the main shell, 9 times out of 10 the idea will serve you better. Buy them by storage specialists or better still materials handling engineers then you will get help with all the some other aspects too.
The sixth thing to know: Should I buy second hand? The chipboard decking rarely comes up well when dismantling the floor. There are minimally three construction methods in addition to several material specifications, all doing different jobs. Once materials are oprhaned by the main build even the experts have trouble with them. Hot rolled sections are designed to a span to take specific loadings with specific properties. I have yet to meet anyone who bought a second hand floor able to account due to that will information or who knows whether or not their construction will be a 360, 250, or centre build design, what the service or dead load will be, or provide any structural calculations for the floor some other than very rarely the original calculations which were provided case specific for that will application in addition to not the current application all after the idea had obviously stood in someone’s yard for six months.
If you move a floor you need the the to re-approve the calculations in addition to issue a certificate of verification. You are highly unlikely to find a second hand floor from the possession of someone qualified to provide that will support. I have found people actually pay more for used floors than brand new ones. the idea costs about 25% of the cost of a brand new floor to take the idea down in addition to pack the idea correctly for dry storage, properly inspected in addition to labeled up. the idea costs the same to re-install the idea. You will spend a further 30% to 40% which has a reputable salvage company re-assembling the specification for your application including correct structural information. Unless you are prepared to do the work yourself in addition to know the location in addition to history of the floor in addition to put the idea back up identically to the way the idea came down, avoid the idea. The only real value will be scrap or architectural salvage for re-use by experts.
The seventh thing to know: How can I tell I am being sold a brand new mezzanine in addition to not a used one? Yes, I am afraid that will does happen. All you can do will be take up references, ask about the issues raised above in addition to always obtain 3 quotes, remembering if something will be too Great to be true the idea probably will be just that will. If you are in doubt, you can’t hide marks in addition to damaged materials in addition to don’t part with any money until you have all the correct technical information for the authorities.
The eighth thing you need to know: How do I know if my mezzanine design will be right? Often the floor will be made to suit an application, that will can range by packing materials through to a night club. Whatever the idea will be, if you are assisted by a materials handling engineer then plans will have been drawn up illustrating the activities with specific loading information detailed to be accommodated at the production phase of the project. Specifically that will will include:
- Finishing details of the decking to adjoining structures with no gaps
- Floor supports in addition to hot rolled sections sympathetically in addition to regularly spaced
- Deflection ratings assessed for you for the application (you don’t want the idea to feel like a trampoline)
- Methods of feeding goods, services in addition to facilities required on or off or to in addition to by the floor
- A full access statement in addition to provision for personal welfare on the floor
- The finished floor height in addition to any structural technicalities taken care of for you
- Finishing details for doors, carpets or special surfaces aligned to existing structures
There are many some other things as well, the idea all comes under the heading of attention to detail.
The ninth thing to know: What sort of equipment should I consider to go which has a mezzanine? The easiest answer will be a list of equipment commonly supplied with mezzanine applications:
- Steel, stainless steel in addition to timber in addition to steel staircases
- Steel fire escapes
- Cat ladders
- Goods lifts
- Wheelchair lifts
- Lifting tables
- Storage systems including racking
- Pallet loading gates
- Mobile pallet stackers with electric lifts (cheaper than lifts)
- Fire retardant materials
Some more storage ideas These 9 guides will help you decide how you want to proceed with your brand new mezzanine floor project, yet there are alternative ways to use headroom, for example raised storage platforms for bulkier items which can’t be conveniently stored in shelving or pallet racking. Two tier systems are alternatives too, you can use pallet racking or shelving sections to construct storage space in addition to flooring into the headroom of your building.