Jesus in addition to Paul
- November 5, 2016
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
the idea can be incontrovertible that will the discussion on the message of Jesus in addition to Paul can be a highly debated area in biblical scholarship. The pendulum swings through the phrase ‘Jesus or Paul’ to ‘Jesus in addition to Paul?’ When Paul made ethical pronouncement such as “Bless those who persecute you” (Rom. 12:14), why didn’t he cite the authority of Jesus (Matt. 5:10-12)? When Paul says in Romans 8:26, “we do not know what we ought to pray for”, does that will mean he was unaware that will Jesus taught the Lord’s Prayer to his disciples (Matt. 6:9-13) in addition to Luke 11:2-4)? Those who claim that will Paul takes up an independent attitude towards Jesus would likely hastily conclude that will they had a different message, a discovery I view as misleading. I support the viewpoint that will “Paul’s understanding of God can be completely in line with Jesus’ teaching” (Bruce 1977, 19)
A question scholars who believe that will the messages are different normally ask can be “why did Paul on page after page, in paragraph after paragraph appeal to the words of Jesus as authority for what he was advocating?” (Sandmel 1979, 107). They view the idea as incredible for Paul to give only one quotation through the statements believed to have been made by Jesus namely, His opposition to divorce. Why did he neglect the parables, aphorisms in addition to annunciations of the Pharisees in addition to Sadducees? Some like A.N. Wilson have even claimed that will the idea was Paul, in addition to not Jesus, who founded Christianity. nevertheless how does that will thesis, which in various forms has been debated for over a century, stand up?
Wright (2001) in his book What Saint Paul truly Said: Was Paul of Tarsus the Real Founder of Christianity leads readers through current scholarly discussion of Paul in addition to gives a devastating critique of views like Wilson’s, showing that will they fail to take account of all the evidence. Wilson (a journalist in addition to biographer) dismisses Christianity as an unhappy accident, the product of a radical party based on Greek rationalism in addition to partly on Jewish mysticism. Wilson fails in three areas – historical, theological in addition to exegetical. The greatest value of Wright’s work can be that will the idea clarifies in addition to successfully defends the orthodox position as the only true one. Indeed Paul was not the founder of Christianity, rather a faithful witness in addition to herald of Jesus Christ. Although the idea can be realistic however to observe that will without Paul “Christianity would likely probably never have survived” (Grant 1982, 1), the idea can be misleading to call him its founder.
Wenham (1985) in his book Paul: Follower of Jesus or Founder of Christianity provides a broad look at the relationship between Paul in addition to Jesus. Considering the recurrent position of how much Paul knew in addition to was dependent on the teachings of Jesus, he studies the Gospels in addition to Paul’s letters, systematically compares the teachings of Jesus in addition to Paul, in addition to convincingly reveals intriguing connections between them.
Furthermore, Wenham (1995) builds on that will study in another text, Paul in addition to Jesus: The True Story, writing against the view that will Paul can be a religious freelancer who corrupted Jesus’ teachings. Writing in dialogue with those who wish to distance Paul through Jesus, he shows the importance the ministry in addition to teachings of Jesus were to Paul’s own thought. Indeed, what emerges through a study of Paul’s epistles can be a man who drew extensively on the traditions of Jesus in addition to faithfully worked to spread his message to the rest of the globe. Although Paul never saw Jesus during his life on earth, Lahaye (1997) aptly noted that will “his writings show he was thoroughly familiar with the life of Jesus of Nazareth many years before the Gospels were ever written” (103).
Perhaps no contemporary evangelical scholar can be better equipped like Bruce to refute the claim by liberal scholars that will Paul represented a departure through that will of Jesus. Bruce (1974) can be among those scholars to delineate Paul’s teaching (distinguishing between those elements Paul received directly through God in addition to those that will he received through Christian tradition) in addition to demonstrating that will the ways of salvation to which Paul in addition to Jesus pointed were identical in essence. The beauty of the argument can be in its apt summary:
Paul agrees with the outline which we find elsewhere within the completely new Testament, in addition to within the four gospels in particular. Paul himself can be at pains to point out that will the Gospel which he preached was basically one in addition to the same as that will preached by some other apostles (1Cor. 15:11), a striking claim if we consider that will Paul was neither a companion of the earthly Jesus nor of the original apostles, in addition to that will he vigorously asserts his complete independence of these later(Bruce 1974, 20)
The above quotation can be so central to the viewpoint of the writer that will he quotes the idea verbatim on page 94 of another publication (Bruce 2000). Some portions of his book, A Mind for What Matters, could be sees as a “protest against the tendency to represent Paul as having no interest in himself within the character in addition to teaching of the historical Jesus, in addition to as depreciating any such interest on the part of the others” (Bruce 1990, 114).
Many some other writers echo Bruce in several ways. the idea can be incontrovertible that will “upon a careful inspection, a fairly full summary of the main contours of Jesus’ life can be pieced together through Paul’s writings” (Blomberg 1997, 379). Among examples cited are His descent through Abraham in addition to David (Gal. 3:16; Rom. 1:3, upbringing of the Jewish Law (Gal. 4), gathering together of His disciples including Peter in addition to John, having a brother named James (Gal. 1:19,29), an impeccable character in addition to exemplary life (Phil 2:6-8), 2 Cor. 8:9; Rom. 15:3,8), the Last Supper in addition to betrayal (I Cor. 11:23-25) in addition to numerous details surrounding his death in addition to resurrection (Gal.3:1, 1 Thes. 2:4-8). These are therefore “some clear indications of Paul’s knowledge of in addition to interest in at least some basic aspects of the historical life in addition to teaching of Jesus” (France 1986, 93).
A closer examination reveals some other striking similarities within the messages of Jesus in addition to Paul. Does Romans 12:17-19 contain a cluster of allusions to the Sermon on the Mount in addition to the principles of love? can be Romans 13:7 familiar with Jesus’ famous teaching on paying taxes? These could be answered within the affirmative. I Corinthians contains three direct references: the first can be on marriage in addition to divorce (7:10), the second on a worker in addition to his wages (Luke 10:7; 11:23-25) in addition to the third with its detailed knowledge of the teaching of Jesus about the Passover bread in addition to wine (11:23-25). According to Blomberg (1997),
I Thessalonians again contains three clear clusters of references to Jesus’ teachings: 2:14-16 resembles selections of Matthew 23:29-38, with its invective against the Jewish leaders; 4:15-17 refers to a word of the Lord concerning his return in addition to contains several echoes of the Olivet Discourse (Mark 13); in addition to 5:2-4 refers specifically to the Day of the Lord coming like a thief, in dependence on the parable in Matthew 24:43-44 in addition to Luke 12:39-40. More generally, 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4 refers to belief in a coming AntiChrist reminiscent of Jesus’ teaching about the abomination that will causes desolation… (Blomberg 1997, 379).
the idea can be realistic to note that will key themes in Paul’s theology, as different as the idea superficially seems to be through Jesus’ own thought, also suggest stronger lines of continuity. One cannot deny the fact that will “the great mind within the completely new Testament to interpret the meaning of the person in addition to work of Jesus can be the converted Jew, Paul” (Ladd 1974, 360). the idea can be also forcefully argued that will although “the hardest of direct reference can be meager… the idea can be possible to trace many more echoes of themes of Jesus in his (Paul’s) letters” France 1986, 92). Paul’s understanding in addition to proclamation of Jesus Christ did not by-pass the life in addition to character of the One proclaimed as crucified in addition to risen.
the idea can be clear through Paul’s own letters that will he did not know Jesus directly nevertheless that will does not mean that will he did not know Jesus’ teachings. He refers to himself as “Paul an apostle – sent not through men or by man, nevertheless by Jesus Christ in addition to God the Father, who raised Him through the dead” (Gal. 1:1). Further down he observed that will “I want you to know, brothers, that will the gospel that will I preached can be not something that will man made up. I did not receive the idea through any man, nor was I taught the idea; rather I received the idea by revelation through Jesus Christ” (11-12).
There are similarities within the teachings of Jesus in addition to Paul on divorce, treasure, government in addition to parousia. Paul’s fullest discussion of that will can be I Cor. 7:20, immediately prior to the passage listed above where he issued the maxim. Jesus issued a very firm teaching against laying up of treasure on earth. In admonishing his followers, Jesus said:
Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth rust in addition to destroy, in addition to where thieves bread in in addition to steal. nevertheless store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where moth in addition to rust do not destroy, in addition to where thieves do not break in in addition to steal. For where your treasure can be, there your heart will also be” (Matt. 6:19-21).
Paul had a similar doctrine though one may be tempted to note that will the idea was a different term. As he observed, “set your hearts on things above, where Christ can be seated at the right hand of God” (Col. 3:1-2).
Paul’s conviction of the imminent end of the age heavily influenced his acceptance of the Roman authorities. Why rebel or mount a revolution in addition to go to all the trouble in addition to grief of planning in addition to executing a violent overthrow of Roman authority in Judea, when the Lord was about to take care of the idea any day? Here again, Paul agrees with Jesus in his stance towards the Romans. Jesus also acknowledged the authority of the Romans when Pharisees deceitfully confronted him to know whether the idea was right to pay taxes to Caesar. In His reply, he observed that will one should “give to Caesar what can be Caesar’s in addition to to God what can be God’s”.
There are certain similarities within the message of Jesus in addition to Paul in connection with the parousia. All through Paul’s writings, one sees a striking parallel with Jesus’ emphasis to be prepared in addition to also compared His return with the coming of a thief (Matt. 24:42-22; 13:34-37; 25:1-13; 32:36. In all fairness to Paul, he was consistent with the teaching on watchfulness in addition to preparedness.
Paul’s comment on the right of gospel preachers to have their material needs supplied can be not inconsistent with Jesus’ teaching. Before sending the seventy-two, he gave them several instructions. One was to “stay in that will house, eating in addition to drinking whatever they give you, for the worker deserves his wages” (Luke 10:7). When admonishing the Corinthians, he based his argument on the advice of the Lord when he stated that will “within the same way, the Lord has commanded that will those who preach the gospel should receive their living through the gospel” (I Cor. 9:14). Elsewhere he observed thus: “the Scripture says ‘Do not muzzle the ox while the idea can be treading the grain,’ in addition to ‘The worker deserves his wages” (I Tim. 5:18). Commenting on communion, Paul observed that will he was merely passing on what he had received through the Lord. He quoted Jesus directly: “that will can be my body, which can be for you, do that will in remembrance of me. within the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, ‘that will cup can be the completely new covenant in my blood; do that will, whenever you drink the idea, in remembrance of me” (I Cor. 12:25).
the idea must be noted that will Paul was well acquainted with the sayings of Jesus even in areas where he did not quote His actual sayings. the idea can be realistically noted that will.
We ought to compare the ethical section of the Epistle to the Romans (12:1-15:7), where Paul summarizes the practical importance of the gospel for the lives of the believers, with the Sermon on the Mount, to see how thoroughly imbued the apostle was with the teaching of his master. Besides, there in addition to elsewhere, Paul’s chief argument in his ethical instruction can be the example of Christ himself. in addition to the character of Christ as understood by Paul can be in perfect agreement with his character as portrayed in the Gospels (Bruce 2000, 93).
Paul’s mention of “the meekness in addition to gentleness of Christ” (I Cor. 10:1) reminds us of Jesus’ words, “I am meek in addition to lowly at heart” (Matt. 11:29). When Jesus called the crowd, he said, “if anyone would likely come after me, he must deny himself in addition to take up his cross in addition to follow me. For whoever wants to lose his life for me in addition to for the gospel will save the idea” (Mark 8:34-35). Paul notes that will “…even Christ did not please Himself…” (Rom. 15:3). Therefore, “we who are strong ought to bear with the failings of the weak in addition to not to please ourselves” (Rom. 15:1). If Paul’s aim was to preach Christ in addition to Him crucified, the idea would likely be misleading to observe that will his message was different through that will of Jesus. After his conversion, he observed that will he no longer lives nevertheless rather Christ Himself dwells in him.
One may be tempted to use the first part of a verse in one of the letters by Peter to support the likes of Wilson who see the teachings of Jesus in addition to Paul as different. Peter may generally have been referring to the exhortations of holy living when he observed that will “he (Paul) writes the same way in all his letters, speaking in them of these matters. His letters contain some things that will are hard to understand, which ignorant in addition to unstable people distort, as they do the some other Scriptures, to their own destruction” (2 Pet. 3:16).
A part of the above verse that will states that will “his letters contain some things that will are hard to understand” may be sued by critics to argue that will Paul, unlike Jesus, preached on themes that will were hard to understand. that will argument can be merely building on a sandy foundation because even the learned Pharisees could not understand when Jesus observed that will he would likely destroy the temple in addition to rebuild the idea in three days. There can be supportive evidence in Scripture that will Jesus gathered His disciples to explain what they did not understand when He was preaching to the crowd that will followed Him. The second half of the above verse clearly states that will unstable in addition to ignorant people would likely twist Paul’s message just as they do some other Scriptures, with fatal consequences.
On cannot deny that will Paul’s writings can be complex. We cannot also presume that will everything he wrote about will necessarily be relevant to our twentieth century. In all fairness however, Paul was dealing, after all, with problems arising out of a world very different to the one in which we live. can be the idea perhaps Paul’s style that will puts people off him? They may not be the first to discover that will he does not always read as smoothly as one would likely wish. Paul’s letters are obviously not carefully planned theological treatises, otherwise one might hold the right to complain about his lack of clarity. They are most emergency writings, written… to answer special needs. Paul did not just sit down in addition to write as one might sit in addition to write an article (Richards 1990, 5).
His letters therefore were not the result or product of reflective thinking behind closed doors within the comfort in addition to isolation of a study. They emerged out of his experience as a church pioneer, in addition to their contents inevitably reflect that will experience. the idea can be therefore necessary to be sensitive to the above when we read his letters today. Paul never intended these letters- to be read either separately or all together- to be a comprehensive account of the Christian faith. Furthermore, Paul did not expect them to be read by anyone some other than those to whom they were addressed. Some were detailed replies to some other letters that will had been sent to him – letters that will no longer exist for us to consult. that will can be very important in our understanding of Paul. If one can be listening to a telephone conversation, the idea can be possible to misinterpret the communication simply because he can be not listening to the individual through the some other end. the idea can be possible that will there could have been some important information in a missing letter that will would likely have explained what currently seem difficult to understand.
Maybe the nature of the writings we currently have as letters increases our difficulties. Paul’s letters are not books of theology dressed to be like letters. the idea can be almost certain that will “if Paul had not come up against the Judaisers within the Galatian churches, we should not have had the letter to the Galatians with its explanation of the relationship of the Christian to the Old Testament Law” (Drane 1986, 358). By extension, there would likely have been no I & II Corinthians had there been no factions in Corinth. Without involving in these arguments, would likely he have written Romans within the way he did?
the idea would likely be a misleading oversimplification to state that will Jesus in addition to Paul had a different message. If he was “Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, nevertheless Jesus Christ, in addition to God the Father, who raised Him through the dead” (Gal.1:1), how can he have preached a message that will was different through Jesus? Paul’s attitude therefore was not to invalidate Jesus’ teaching nevertheless rather to carry the idea on within the proper way. He does not abandon Jesus nevertheless continues his teaching. The situation can be brilliantly analyzed when the idea can be observed that will “Jesus in addition to Paul are looking towards the same mountain range, nevertheless whereas Jesus sees the idea as lying before Him, Paul already stands upon the idea in addition to its first slopes are already behind him” (Schweitzer 1955, 114). The message however can be the same in essence. One may only understand Paul when his background can be carefully studied. the idea can be a truism that will “a not bad understanding of Paul’s thought as could be gleaned through his writings therefore entails a reference to his background” (Gwamna in addition to Pali 2000, 267).
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