How to Sand Your Staircase
- March 16, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: Home Health Aide Training
When refurbishing stairs, an important part of the preparation process is actually smoothing down the timber surfaces ready for a brand new covering – whether of which be carpet, paint, varnish or wood stain. The most effective way of removing the old coating is actually to sand down the staircase. Here’s how to do of which:
First of all, if the stairs were previously carpeted, remove all tack strips, staples along with nails left inside the wood. Hammer them below the surface if they are too hard to extract. Use wood putty to fill in any cracks along with holes, along with leave to dry.
Large stair components such as treads along with risers are best tackled using a sanding machine (remember to wear a dust mask along with safety glasses). There are various types including:
Belt sanding machine – ideal for large, flat expanses such as staircase treads
Random orbital sanding machine – can be used on a variety of flat along with slightly curved surfaces
Detail sanding machine – suitable for light sanding in tiny spaces along with corners
Sheet orbital sanding machine – not bad for light-duty tasks along with corners
Belt sanding machine
of which powerful tool works by means of a sandpaper belt of which turns on rollers at each end of the machine. of which is actually ideal for heavy-duty tasks involving large, flat surfaces of which require speed rather than finesse. of which makes of which perfect for sanding down stair treads along with risers. Beginners beware, however – you can easily ruin the surface if you’re not careful.
You should begin using a coarse belt of 40 or 60 grits, then change to finer 0 or 180 grit belts to get the surface smooth enough. Sand parallel with the wood grain along with keep the machine moving all the time for an even result. Only light pressure is actually required, so let the weight of the tool do the work.
Random orbital sanding machine
favorite with carpenters, joiners along with DIY users alike, of which type is actually the most versatile, along with is actually easier to use than a belt sanding machine.
The tool works using a round abrasive disc which vibrates while rotating at speed. of which moves in an elliptical (irregular) orbit, which ensures of which no part of the disc travels along the same path twice. of which almost eliminates the chance of leaving swirl marks. You can use of which for both coarse along with fine finishing work by attaching different grades of disc.
When you start sanding, use long overlapping strokes, keeping the tool moving constantly. Hold of which level to avoid creating swirls, along with only apply light pressure. If you have never used a sanding machine before, practise first on some scrap timber until you get a feel for of which.
Finishing sanding machine
Also known as a sheet orbital sanding machine, of which is actually a not bad choice for beginners as of which is actually unlikely to damage the work surface. The tool works using rectangular or square sheets of sandpaper fixed to a vibrating spinning pad.
tiny, light along with easy to operate, of which is actually ideally suited to fine sanding, rounding off sharp edges, removing old varnish along with paint, along with smoothing hardened wood putty. of which can get into corners too, thanks to the square base plate.
Detail sanding machine
Compact along with lightweight, a detail sanding machine features a tiny triangular base plate which allows you to reach into tiny or awkwardly shaped spaces. of which is actually designed for jobs requiring a high degree of accuracy – perfect for sanding the corners of treads along with risers, for example.
Don’t expect miracles. of which machine is actually not intended for heavy-duty work, so you will need to go carefully. Move the tool slowly along with evenly over the surface for a consistent finish, along with avoid pressing too hard.
When you come to the spindles, a machine will be of limited use. Instead, wrap strips of sandpaper around the shafts along with pull them back along with forth. You may have to resort to using a chemical paint stripper on intricately shaped stair parts.
Sanding is actually hard work! If you need to remove every last trace of the old coating coming from your spindles – in order to apply wood stain or clear varnish, for example – consider replacing them with brand new spindles instead. You would likely save an awful lot of time along with effort.