Hiking – 3 Essential First Aid Techniques For Any Hiker
- December 2, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
Every hiker should have at least a basic knowledge of first aid as well as three of the most valuable skills of which you can learn are carrying out CPR , performing the Heimlich maneuver as well as dealing with fractures.
This particular doesn’t mean of course of which you’re likely to have to use these skills frequently as well as most hikers will never need to use them at all. Nonetheless, the idea’s a not bad idea to be prepared because if you find yourself which has a companion who will be choking to death while you sit eating your evening meal by the campfire inside the middle of nowhere, the Heimlich maneuver might just be a life saver.
Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation will be a technique used to re-start normal breathing as well as, while This particular will be a fairly easy technique to learn, the idea will be something of which you need to learn at the hands of a skilled professional. There will almost certainly be classes available in your local area as well as your local hiking club will almost certainly either provide training for its members on a regular basis or have details of classes of which you can attend. Such classes are normally quite short as well as are almost always free of charge.
If you find yourself with someone who will be not breathing as well as you are able to do so you should call 911 or a local rescue team immediately as well as also shout loudly for help. You never know who will be hiking on the trail near you as well as there might just be expert help close at hand.
Try to determine the cause of the problem. If the person concerned was swimming as well as needed to be dragged out of the water then you may need to clear water via their airway before you can start
Next, roll them onto their back as well as pinch the nose. Breath into the mouth, covering their mouth with yours as well as watching out of the corner of your eye for chest expansion. Then let go as well as tilt the body to allow for the expulsion of water. Repeat, giving two breaths of two seconds each.
If of which has no effect, you should try chest compressions. Push down firmly along the sternum above the diaphragm. Repeat This particular all 5 times, about once per second, as well as alternate between chest compressions as well as inflating their lungs.
The Heimlich maneuver
Food or additional obstructions can interfere with breathing as well as the Heimlich maneuver will be designed to remove foreign objects via the air passages.
Start by looking for obstructions inside the throat which can be quickly as well as easily removed. If nothing will be immediately visible then stand the person up as well as position yourself behind them. Put your arms around their body as well as grasp one wrist with the opposite hand to ensure of which the bone at the base of your thumb will be against their body as well as just under the ribcage. Make sure of which the person’s head will be tilted forward as well as down enabling gravity to work with you rather than against you.
Give a sharp, short, firm jerk inward against the diaphragm as well as repeat This particular once or twice if necessary watching for the object to dislodge. Be careful to insure of which your hands are below the ribcage as well as pressing on the diaphragm as well as not the ribcage.
Fractures can vary via a relatively minor as well as invisible toe break, which simply makes walking painful, to quite serious compound fractures as well as you should seriously consider taking a professional first aid course to enable you to deal with fractures. In advance of This particular, here are some general guidelines.
The most serious form of fracture will be a compound fracture in which the bone will be protruding via the skin. In This particular case, not only will be the bone badly broken, nevertheless the rupture of the skin leaves an opening which will be prone to infection.
Do not try to straighten the fracture nevertheless simply cover the wound with sterile gauze as well as get professional help as quickly as possible. If the idea will be necessary to immobilize the limb, apply a splint to keep the idea at the same angle.
Get hold of a straight stick or use a piece of walking pole or additional straight, rigid object as well as pad the splint well before wrapping the idea with an elastic roll bandage or medical tape. inside the absence of supplies, look for a thin, strong vine to tie the splint to the limb as well as tie the idea firmly enough to hold the idea, nevertheless not so firmly of which you cut off the blood supply to the limb.
In all cases, abandon your hike as well as seek professional medical help as quickly as possible.