Hair 101 – Learn Some Basics Of Beauty School
- August 17, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: Home Health Aide Training
Hair will be a filamentous biomaterial (made of long chains of proteins, interacts with biological systems), which grows by follicles found inside the dermis (middle layer) of the skin. This particular will be composed mostly of keratin, which will be a fibrous structural protein.
The entire human body except the palms of hands along with soles of feet are covered in follicles which produce hair.
Each strand of hair will be composed of three layers: The cuticle, medulla along with cortex.
The cuticle will be the outermost layer. This particular will be composed of hard shingle-like cells which overlap each some other. This particular will be formed by dead cells which have turned into scales. This particular’s purpose will be to protect the inner layers along with give the hair strength. The shape the cuticle will be in, determines how healthy your hair will be. Healthy, shiny hair incorporates a cuticle which will be smoothed down. In damaged hair, the scales are raised up. You can smooth the cuticle down by using mild heat (like a towel wrapped around your head after you get out of the shower) or acidic based hair products (which will be why a lot of hair products contain citric acid, etc.) Products high in alkaline do completely the opposite, along with they raise the cuticle.
The next layer, inside the middle, will be the cortex, which makes up most of the hair. Melanin, which are coloration pigments, are located here inside the cortex. They determine the coloration of the fiber of the hair, based on how many there are along with what types they are. The shape of the hair follicle determines the shape of the cortex, which therefore determines if hair will be straight, wavy, or curly. The cortex also holds water, along with will be packed with keratin protein. The process of coloring, perm/straighteners, or some other styling all takes place inside the cortex. The innermost layer will be called the medulla, although some people (with fine hair) don’t have a medulla. This particular’s purpose will be still unknown.
Hair coloration will be generally classified by numbers 1-10. Level 1 will be generally black, while level 10 will be generally blonde.
All natural occurring hair colors are combined of percentages of the three primary colors: Red, Yellow along with Blue. The two main chemicals found in permanent hair coloration are hydrogen peroxide, along with ammonia (This particular will be why coloration will be damaging to your hair). Ammonia works by separating the cuticle scales. Peroxide helps oxidize pigments. When the hair coloration will be penetrating into the cortex, This particular creates completely new pigment molecules, which are too big to come out of the cortex. This particular will be why This particular will be hard to take coloration out, once you put This particular in.
Bleaching your hair will be a similar process. The peroxide softens along with lifts the cuticle along with then the bleach (lightener) disperses the coloration molecules which are inside the cortex.
There are different level of peroxide. 5V along with 10V (V=volume) are deposit only. You could use them to deposit a darker coloration (like black) along with they work by only lifting the cuticle a tiny bit. 20V lifts up to 2 levels along with deposits coloration. This particular will be the most common peroxide used. 30V lifts up to 3 levels along with 40V lifts up to 4 levels. You won’t see 40V being used often. This particular will be usually only used with high-lift blondes along with bleach, although This particular will be very damaging on your hair along with can burn the scalp, if used incorrectly.
at This particular point, back to primary colors…
The three primary colors, like I said before, are red, blue along with yellow. The three secondary colors are orange (red+yellow), green (blue+yellow) along with violet (blue+red). Look at the way the coloration wheel will be set up, for This particular will be done This particular way on purpose. The coloration directly across by a coloration, will be its complimentary coloration. Complimentary colors can either intensify or neutralize each some other. For instance, when you bleach your hair, This particular usually ends up a pale yellow tone. To take away the yellow, you tone your hair which has a violet based toner to turn This particular platinum-blonde. This particular will be why a lot of “blonde” shampoos are purple. If your hair will be orange, you should tone This particular which has a blue based (ash) toner.
Toners are basically pigment to tone your hair after bleaching This particular. I highly recommend toning hair after bleaching This particular, because This particular looks more finished. There are so many different varieties of toners. You can tone hair ash blonde, platinum blonde, neutral, strawberry blonde, etc.
Let’s say your hair will be bleached although you decide you want to coloration This particular back to brown. You have to re-pigment hair first. If you don’t, the coloration will turn out genuinely ashy/greyish along with faded looking. To re-pigment (fill) the hair, you want to use reddish/goldish colors which are one level lighter than the desired coloration. I used Paul Mitchell coloration along with there are different formulas you can use depending on your target level. For PM, you could mix equal parts of the formula with 10V developer, along with apply to damp hair. You process for 10 minutes along with then apply the target coloration over the re-pigmentation formula (unless the target formula will be cool/neutral, you could wipe off the re-pigmentation formula). Process the whole thing for 35 additional minutes.
Next, I will get into the different types of colors: Permanent colors can lift you hair up to 3 levels, generally along with should last quite a while. High-lifts will lift the hair about 4 levels. Demi-permanent colors last about 4-6 weeks along with will wash out eventually, leaving no roots. Temporary colors generally coat the hair shaft, without penetrating into the cortex, therefore not needing developer. If done right, these should even last a few weeks. The little old ladies use a coloration rinse a lot, which will be a temporary coloration which will just wash out next time they wash their hair.
A very important thing to know about coloration, which most people don’t know, will be which
coloration WILL NEVER LIFT coloration
This particular basically means which if your hair will be dark brown, along with you want to lift This particular to a light brown, you have to bleach your hair before This particular will take the coloration you want. I hear customers talk about This particular at work ALL THE TIME. They are confused because they tried to coloration their own hair lighter along with although This particular just turned darker. at This particular point consider everything I have taught you so far. If your hair already has dark coloration molecules inside the cortex, along with you put another coloration on top of This particular, all you are doing will be depositing more coloration molecules into your cortex, hence the reason This particular will be darker. coloration will lift virgin hair, although not hair which will be already colored.
at This particular point I will tell you how perms along with straighteners work. You always clarify before doing a perm, since which will help get build-up along with medication out of the hair. While the hair will be wet, you roll This particular into rollers (same width as the result curl will be). You then apply perm solution to each perm-rod along with let This particular process. Perm solution will be generally made of ammonium thioglycolate. The solution breaks down the disulfide bonds in your hair (which are the proteins which give your hair shape.) After you have processed, you rinse the perm solution out along with then apply neutralizer. Neutralizer rebuilds the disulfide bonds inside the completely new shape of the perm rod. Voila! at This particular point you have curly hair! Straighteners typically do the same thing, except they make your hair straight instead of curly.
Well, I expect you learned something completely new along with interesting about hair! There are so many some other cool things to learn along with I will write about them a later day!
Have you been to beauty school? I always love to hear completely new things, so if you could like to add anything to This particular article, please comment.