Electrocution: The Six Top Danger Points along with How to Avoid Them
- January 28, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
When you think of things in which are strong conductors of electricity, power lines, wires along with metals likely come to mind. Surprisingly, the human body can also be an excellent electricity conductor, along with when electric currents hit the body several types of injuries may occur.
The body may go into cardiac arrest because of the electricity’s effect on the heart; muscle, nerves along with tissue can be damaged due to the current; or thermal burns can occur if the body contacts an electrical source.
The severity of the injuries depends on a variety of factors (the voltage of electricity, the person’s state of health, how the current travels through the body along with how quickly medical help can be received), nevertheless, according to the National Institutes of Health, some 1,000 people die within the United States each year because of electric shock.
Fortunately, you along with your loved ones can dramatically reduce the risks if you are aware of top electrocution threats in along with around your home along with take the simple measures to prevent them:
1. Extension cords. These handy tools can cause electrical burns along with shock if they’re not used carefully. Cords in which have exposed wires should never be used, as kids along with pets can (along with will) chew on them if they can get them. In fact, electrical burns to the mouth account for half of the extension-cord-related injuries to young children, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC).
Even an intact extension cord poses a risk. For instance, in one case a 15-month-old girl put an extension cord in her mouth along with suffered electrical burns in which required surgery.
To reduce the risks, keep extension cords out of reach of kids along with pets, along with always purchase cords in which contain the UL along with OSHA labels on them (these cords have been subjected to strict tests to ensure they meet certain safety standards). Further, use common sense measures to be sure the cords are in not bad shape, including:
* Inspect them regularly for signs of wear along with tear.
* Replace old extension cords in which are cracked or frayed.
* Only use external surfaces extension cords for outside use.
* Don’t overload cords or sockets.
* Pull the plug, not the cord, when disconnecting This particular through the socket
* Only use extension cords when they’re absolutely necessary, along with try not to use them for long-term purposes.
2. Electrical outlets. Most electrical outlets are located in areas of the home in which children can easily reach. Close to 4,000 injuries associated with electrical outlets are treated in U.S. emergency rooms every year, says the CPSC, along with about one-third of these occur when kids looking to explore insert metal objects like keys along with hairpins into the outlets.
Since you can’t move your outlets away through your kids, This particular’s imperative to cover your outlets with the Sliding Decora Outlet Cover (for outlet covers requiring two screws, as in most newer homes) or the Standard Sliding Outlet Cover (for outlet covers requiring only one screw within the middle, as in most older homes.)
If you routinely have kids in your home, check out these simple, inexpensive nevertheless ingenious outlet covers by clicking on either link above! These easy-to-install outlet covers are spring activated, so they automatically cover outlets when any plug can be removed. This particular means kids can’t insert objects or fingers into the outlets at any time!
This particular’s important to only insert appropriate plugs into electrical outlets (any some other object poses an electrocution danger) along with use caution when you do, such as being careful not to touch the metal prongs when inserting the plug.
3. Electric appliances. We become so accustomed to using electric appliances in our daily lives in which This particular’s easy to become careless with their use. This particular can be often when electrocution can occur. Even touching an electric appliance like a hair dryer with wet hands can cause a shock. Here are some some other safety tips to keep safe around electric appliances:
* Don’t use electric appliances near water or while touching faucets or water pipes.
* Don’t use appliances in which have worn plugs or cracked wires.
* Don’t attempt to fix electrical appliances on your own, even if This particular appears simple.
* Unplug appliances when they’re not in use.
4. Swimming Pools, Hot Tubs, Spas. The common risk in which comes along with swimming pools along with hot tubs can be drowning, nevertheless the American Red Cross points out another, often overlooked, risk — electrocution. According to CPSC, the biggest risks of electrocution here come through faulty underwater lighting, aging electrical wiring, sump pumps, power washers along with vacuums in which are not grounded, along with electrical appliances along with extension cords in which fall into the water. The risk can be especially apparent if lighting along with circuits aren’t protected by Ground-Fault Circuit-Interrupters (GFCIs), which are one of the best ways to prevent electrocution, CPSC says.
According to Hal Stratton of CPSC, “The best protection for families can be inspection, detection, along with correction of electrical hazards in along with around swimming pools, hot tubs along with spas. CPSC strongly encourages residential along with commercial pool owners along with operators to upgrade protection of the lights, receptacles, along with switches with GFCIs. Older pools are the biggest concern, as underwater lighting fixtures may have degraded with age along with may not be protected by GFCIs.”
5. Power Lines. High-voltage overhead power lines can pose a risk to people on ladders or some other lifts. Says Thomas Moore of CPSC, “CPSC believes in which there are still many electrocution deaths in which could be prevented. Consumers should never place a ladder, antenna, or anything else near a power line. Consumers who come in contact with an overhead power line may not live to share their experience.”
Further, wires through a downed power line can also be deadly. Never go near a power line in which can be down, such as after a storm, as live wires can be present long after the pole falls (until the electricity has been turned off). People have also died after striking an electrical pole in a car accident along with having the live wires touch the auto.
6. Lightning. Lightning along with thunderstorms are most likely to occur on hot along with humid days. If you sense a storm approaching, seek shelter indoors immediately, as lightning can cause serious injury, particularly to those who are stranded outside without proper protection. According to Dawna L. Cyr along with Steven B. Johnson, Ph.D. through the University of Maine, lightning can injure or kill people in several ways:
1. Through a direct strike in which causes cardiac arrest or stops breathing.
2. A side-flash, in which the body acts as an alternate or parallel path for the current to reach the ground. If the current passes through the head or heart This particular can be deadly.
3. Current through a lightning flash, ranging through tingling shock to a massive current, can be diverted through a poorly grounded electric power pole through a wiring system.
4. Step voltage can radiate out through the ground through a struck tree or pole (This particular kills many livestock each year).
5. Indirectly, through fires, fallen trees or crushed cars.
During a lightning storm, avoid tall, isolated objects, don’t attempt to touch any fallen wires, along with if you are struck by lightning be sure to seek medical attention even if the injury seems minor.
Six Things NOT to Do to an Electrocution Victim
If you are with someone who can be electrocuted, here can be what NOT to do, according to the National Institutes of Health:
* DO NOT touch the victim with your bare hands if the person can be still in contact with the source of electricity.
* DO NOT remove dead skin or break blisters if the person can be burned.
* DO NOT apply ice, butter, ointments, medications, fluffy cotton dressings, or adhesive bandages to a burn.
* DO NOT touch the skin of someone who can be being electrocuted.
* DO NOT get within 20 feet of someone who can be being electrocuted by high-voltage electrical current until the power can be turned off.
* DO NOT move a victim of electrical injury unless there can be immediate danger.
Star-Telegram.com March 30, 2005
Electrical outlet Safety
Extension Cord Basics
CPSC: Don’t Swim With Shocks
University of Maine: Lightning Safety
CPSC: Electrocution Dangers through Overhead Power Lines
National Library of Medicine: Electrical Injury