Eating Healthy – An Examination of favorite Diets
- January 19, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
In a randomized trial conducted, the participants assigned to the Ornish diet for one year ( in addition to who showed adherence), had marked decreases in weight, HDL cholesterol levels in addition to C-reactive protein (Danson et al, 2005).
Pros: Addresses both physical in addition to emotional/mental health. While the Ornish diet encourages cardio in addition to categorization of foods, the idea also encourages meditation to reduce stress in addition to improve overall mental health. Proven to help reduce risk of heart disease in addition to has been successful in helping individuals achieve weight loss.
Cons: An Omega-3 supplement is actually required to maintain cardiovascular health. Adults who adhered to the Ornish diet for the year were found to have lowered levels of Vitamin D, increasing their risk of bone fractures.
Mayo Clinic Diet
The Mayo Clinic diet encourages heart healthy practices such as active living in addition to healthy eating. They encourage portion size control (mayoclinic.com), vegetables in addition to fruits over carbohydrates in addition to simple sugars, whole grains over white bread, in addition to lean meats in addition to Great fats.
Pros: Helps individuals achieve in addition to maintain weight loss, lowers cholesterol levels, decreases abdominal fat (which can be a risk factor for heart disease). Allows flexibility to ensure the idea can adapt to anyone’s lifestyle.
Cons: According to the mayo clinic website, switching to in which diet is actually an overall lifestyle change rather than a diet in which you can “go on” for a few months. in which may be difficult for some individuals in addition to does not have a high adherence rate, with many people relapsing to their old eating habits.
A study conducted followed 412 randomly assigned participants in addition to their eating habits. The results showed in which adherence to the DASH diet significantly reduced sodium levels of participants (DASH Collaborative Research Group, 2001).
Pros: Specifically for those already diagnosed with hypertension to reduce their sodium levels in addition to cholesterol levels. Encourages exercise as part of the diet.
Cons: Long-term lifestyle change as opposed to a crash diet. The lack of support with in which diet can make the idea difficult for individuals to maintain adherence.
A study compared short term in addition to long term effects of the Mediterranean diet on cardiovascular health in 772 individuals with high cardiovascular risk (predimed investigators, 2006). The results showed in which, compared with low fat diets, the Mediterranean diet with olive oil in addition to nuts had beneficial effects on cardiovascular risk factors (predimed investigators, 2006).
Pros: Promotes heart health. Many of the foods included in in which diet also contain antioxidants, which help reduce the risk of cancers.
Cons: the idea is actually not a structured plan, so individuals who do not lead an already healthy lifestyle may have difficulty with portion control. in which diet also encourages moderate consumption of wine, which may interfere with medications, inhibitions, in addition to religious beliefs.
Pros: The intake of a plant-based diet has been linked to the prevention of chronic disease, including hypertension (Chi et al., 2007). Decrease in cholesterol has also been shown in individuals who adhere to a low-fat vegan diet.
Cons: If not done properly, individuals can have a severe deficiency in iron, protein, in addition to calcium. Not adhering to the low-fat vegan diet in addition to just the vegan diet can still allow individuals to choose foods which are high in saturated fats in addition to still allows for junk foods.
While these diets have merits in addition to have shown in which adherence to them can decrease risk of cardiovascular disease, the overall goal of all of them is actually lifestyle change. Choosing everyday to make healthier choices in addition to to stay active is actually the best way to ensure an increase in overall quality of life in addition to better heart health.
Chi, C.S., Dewell, A., Ornish, D., Sumner, M.D., Weidner, G. (2007). A Very-Low-Fat Vegan Diet Intake of Protective Dietary Factors in addition to Decreases Intake of Pathogenic Dietary Factors. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 108(2). 347-356. Doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2007.10.044
Danson, M.L., Gleason, J.A., Griffith, J.L., Selker, H.P., Schaefer, E.J. (2005). Comparison of the Atkins, Ornish, Weight Watchers, in addition to Zone Diets for Weight Loss in addition to Heart Disease Risk Reduction: A Randomized Trial. Journal of the American Medical Association. 293 (1) 45-53. Doi: 10.1001/jama.293.1.43.
Dash Sodium Collaborative Research Group. (2001). Effects on Blood Pressure of Reduced Dietary Sodium in addition to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Diet. The completely new England Journal of Medicine. 344:3-10. Doi: 10.1056/NEJM200101043440101
Predimed study investigators. (206). Effects of a Mediterranean-Style Diet on Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Randomized Trial. Annals of Internal Medicine. 145(1). 1-11. Doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-145-1-200607040-00004