Diabetes – A Degenerative Disease
- January 1, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: Home Health Aide Training
In normal individuals food can be broken down to glucose inside presence of insulin the glucose present in blood can be utilized by body cells with the aid of insulin secreted by pancreas for getting energy to maintain optimal health. Diabetes can be a condition which can be signified by a higher concentration of glucose levels inside blood because person cannot utilize glucose due to deficiency of insulin secretion by the pancreas of the body.
Types of Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: The Cells of Pancreas responsible for secretion of Insulin do not function properly or are completely damaged. This kind of type of diabetes can be found in children along with also young persons, hence This kind of can be also known as Juvenile Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: In This kind of type of Diabetes the pancreas cells do make some insulin although the body prevents the insulin to perform This kind of’s function. This kind of type can be usually found in elderly obese patientsonly although today a days This kind of can be encountered in children along with also young persons also.
Diabetes can be found inside pregnant women also, if This kind of can be not treated properly the mother along with also child can also develop many health disorders.
Diabetes can be characterized by:
1. Feeling of exhaustion all the times.
2. Sensation of great thirst (Polydipsia)
3. frequent urination.
4. Blurring of the eyesight.
5. Felling of hunger all the times.
6. Sudden fall of body weight.
7. Non-healing of wounds.
8. Numbness of hands along with also feet.
Causes of Diabetes:
Definite causes of Diabetes are not known, possibly body lacks a gene which can provide protection at the time of onset of disease. Diabetic patients are usually obese which has a sedentary life style, hiving higher levels of triglycerides in thir blood or suffering by hypertension along with also also having a diabetic hereditary family history
Diabetes a Warning Signal:
The health of the Diabetic patient can be on the thresh hold of rapid worsening of the status of his health if not properly taken care of initially along with also maintaining of care through out his life.
Diabetes affects both rich along with also poor alike along with also for a considerable peiod remains undiagnosed, because for minor symptoms the patients donot take medical advise along with also the disease progresses to a stage when the symptoms become uncomfortable for the patient to bear. Because of This kind of trend of accessing delayed medical advice, India has become the Diabetes World capital with more than 33 million people suffering by type 2 Diabetes representing about 20 % of World Diabetic Population. With the present progression rate This kind of can be estimated in which by the year 2030, about 80 million Indian population shall be diabetic. A similar progression trend has been noticed in some other Asian Countries also.
Diabetes a life long association:
Diabetes patients are destined to live their rest of their life with Diabetes with lot of care to keep the disease under control by regularly taking the advised medication along with also adjusting their food along with also lifestyle habits. Patients have to remain regularly under medical care
Diabetes & Future Onset of Serious Complications:
Diabetic patients carry a high risk of exposure to some other serious complications, like hypertension, coronary heart disease, Degenerative vascular system along with also tissues of lower limbs. When there can be continued high blood sugar level, the blood sugar generates certain substances, which are potentially harmful to the body cells, which damage delicate organs like heart, Blood Vessels, Kidneys, Nerves, Teeth along with also lower limbs. If with the passage of time treatment can be not initiated serious complications start setting in.
Diabetic Disease Education to patients:
The Diabetic patients need to be educated about their disease along with also the necessary care along with also precautions they have to religiously follow inside true sense particularly about the lower limbs. The Diabetic patients are carrying a higher risk of degenerative vascular system of lower limbs resulting in Nerves along with also Tissues damage progression of which requires amputation of Toe, Foot depending upon the severity of the affected part. Thus they have to lead a life of dependency.
Diabetes & Heart Disease:
Diabetic Patients are 2 to 4 times more prone to suffer by heart attack as compared to normal persons. inside obstructructions developed inside arteries of heart along with also inside entire circulatory system there can be slowing of blood supply resulting in pain inside Chest,difficulty in breathing, swelling of Heels, thickening of the blood vessels all these quickly lead to a Heart Attack
Protection of Heart & Blood Vessels:
The quick onset of serious complications can be reduced by:
1. Bringing down high blood glucose levels to normal.
2. Reducing intake of foods containing high quantities of Saturated fats, Trans Fats along with also High
3. Reduction in intake of Common Salt.
4. Keeping blood Pressure along with also blood Lipids in control.
5. No smoking along with also no consumption of tobacco.
6. Moderate Exercise.
The filtration membrane gets thickened. The Protein metabolites excretion can be reduced, which damages the kidney. The incidence of Renal failure due to Diabetes can be in 45 % of the Renal failure cases. Special kidney function tests are performed to ascertain early involvement of kidney complications because no specific symptoms are witnessed in early stages of kidney complications.
Complications of Eyes:
Diabetes can damage the smaller capillaries of the eye. Diabetes can precipitate Glaucoma because of increase of internal pressure inside eye ball. There can be eyesight complication or even complete blindness due to the damage to retinal blood vessels along with also detachment of Retina.
Amputations of affected foot:
The complication of the foot can be loss of touch sensation, Pain or swelling of foot, Delayed or non-healing of foot, Change inside colour of skin to redness. As a precaution the foot should be protected by any cut, scratch or by any some other injury. Wounds because of faulty blood circulation inside feet the Nerves along with also Tissues get damaged resulting ultimately gangrene development resulting into amputation of toe or foot in diabetic foot damage progression.
Gateway optimal health can be with you on your journey to Disease free Healthy Life Styles