Bob Ross Oil Painting Technique – Frequently Asked Questions
- March 14, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
The following is actually a list of frequently asked questions about the BOB ROSS Oil Painting Technique along with some instruction about the use along with care of the materials.
This kind of technique refers to the softening of hard edges along with most visible brush strokes by blending the wet oil paint on the canvas using a clean, dry brush. In blending, an already painted area is actually brushed very lightly with criss-cross strokes or by gently tapping with the corner of the brush. This kind of gives colors a soft along with natural appearance. Not all oil paints are suitable with This kind of technique – most are too soft along with tend to smear. Only a thick, firm paint is actually suitable with This kind of technique.
To mix paints to a marbled effect, place the different colored paints on the mixing area of your palette along with use your palette knife to pick up along with fold the paints together, then pull flat. Streaks of each coloration should be visible inside the mixture. Do not over mix.
THINNING PAINTS FOR ADDING HIGHLIGHTS:
When mixing paints for application over thicker paints already on the canvas, especially when adding highlight colors, thin the paint with LIQUID WHITE, LIQUID CLEAR or ODORLESS THINNER. The rule to remember here is actually which a thin paint will stick to a thicker paint.
CLEANING along with DRYING THE BRUSHES:
Painting with the wet on wet technique requires frequent along with thorough cleaning of your brushes with paint thinner. An empty one pound coffee can is actually ideal to hold the thinner, or use any container approximately 5″ in diameter along with at-least 6″ deep. Place a Bob Ross Screen inside the bottom of the can along with fill with odorless thinner approximately 1″ above the screen. Scrub the brushes bristles against the screen to remove paint sediments which will settle on the bottom of the can.
Dry your larger brushes by carefully squeezing them against the inside of the coffee can, then slapping the bristles against a brush beater rack mounted inside of a tall kitchen trash basket to remove the remainder of the thinner. Smaller brushes can be cleaned by wiping them with paper towel or a rag (I highly recommend using Viva paper towels because they are very absorbent). Do not return the brushes to their plastic bags after use, This kind of will cause the bristles to become limp. Never clean your Bob Ross brushes with soap along with water or detergent as This kind of will destroy the natural strength of the bristles. Store your brushes with bristles up or lying flat.
APPLYING LIQUID WHITE:
Use the 2″ brush with long, firm vertical along with horizontal strokes across the canvas. The coat of Liquid WHITE should be very, very thin along with even. Apply just before you begin to paint. Do not allow the paint to dry before you begin.
PLACEMENT OF OIL COLORS ON THE PALETTE:
I suggest using a palette at least 16″x20″ in size. Try arranging the colors around the outer edge of your palette through light to dark. Leave the center of the palette for mixing your paints.
LOADING YOUR BRUSH:
To fully load the inside bristles of your brush first hold the item perpendicular to the palette along with work the bristles into the pile of paint. Then holding the brush at a 45 degree angle, drag the brush across your palette along with away through the pile of paint. Flipping your brush through side to side will insure both sides will be loaded evenly.
(NOTE: When the bristles come to a chiseled or sharp flat edge, the brush is actually loaded correctly.)
For some strokes you may want the end of your brush to be rounded. To do This kind of, stand the brush vertically on the palette. Firmly pull toward you working the brush in one direction. Lift off the palette with each stroke. This kind of will tend to round off the end of the brush, paint with the rounded end up.
MIXING FOR HIGHLIGHTS:
Place the tip of your brush into the can of LIQUID WHITE, LIQUID CLEAR or ODORLESS THINNER allow only a tiny amount of medium to remain on the bristles. Load your brush by gently dragging the item through the highlight colors, repeat as needed. Gently tap the bristles against the palette just enough to open up the bristles along with loosen the paint.
LOADING THE PALETTE KNIFE:
With your palette knife, pull the mixture of paint in a thin layer down across the palette. Holding your knife in a straight upward position, pull the long working edge of your knife diagonally across the paint. This kind of will create a roll of paint on your knife.
WHAT IF I HAVE NEVER PAINTED BEFORE?
There are no great mysteries to painting. You need only the desire, a few basic techniques along using a little practice. lf you are fresh to This kind of technique, I strongly suggest which you read the entire section on “TIPS along with TECHNIQUES” prior to starting your first painting. Consider each painting you create as a learning experience. Add your own special touch along with ideas to each painting you do along with your confidence as well as your ability will increase at an unbelievable rate.
WHAT PAINT SHOULD I USE?
The BOB ROSS technique of painting is actually dependent upon a special firm oil paint for the base colors. Colors which are used primarily for highlights (Yellows) are manufactured to a thinner consistency for easier mixing along with application. The use of proper equipment helps assure the best possible results.
Liquid Clear is actually a particularly exciting ingredient for wet-on-wet painting. Like Liquid White/Black, the item creates the necessary smooth along with slippery surface. Additionally, Liquid Clear has the advantage of not diluting the intensity of additional colors especially the darks which are so important in painting seascapes. Remember to apply Liquid Clear very sparingly! The tendency is actually to apply larger amounts than necessary because the item is actually so difficult to see.
13 colors we use are listed below:
*Sap Green, Bright Red
*Prussian Blue (*indicates colors which are transparent or semi-transparent along with which may be used as under paints where transparency is actually required.)
HOW DO I MIX COLORS?
The mixing of colors can be one of the most rewarding along with fun parts of painting, however may also be one of the most feared procedures. Devote some time to mixing various coloration combinations along with become familiar with the basic coloration mixtures. Study the colors in nature along with practice duplicating the colors you see around you each day. Within a very short time you will be so comfortable mixing colors which you will look forward to each painting as a fresh challenge.
SHOULD YOU USE JUST ANY ART PRODUCT with This kind of METHOD OF PAINTING?
Possibly the #1 problem experienced by individuals when first attempting This kind of technique along with the major cause for disappointment revolves around the use of products designed for additional styles of painting or materials not designed for artwork at all (i.e. house painting brushes, thin soupy paints, etc.).
All of the paintings with This kind of technique were created using Bob Ross paints, brushes along with palette knives. To achieve the best results through your efforts, I strongly recommend which you use only products designed specifically for use with the Bob Ross wet-on-wet technique.
HOW LONG WILL the item TAKE MY PAINTING TO DRY?
Drying time will vary depending on numerous factors such as heat, humidity, thickness of paint, painting surface, brand of paint used, mediums used with the paint, etc. Another factor is actually the individual colors used. Different colors have different drying times (i.e., normally Blue will dry very fast while colors like Red, White along with Yellow are very slow drying). A Great average time for an oil painting to dry, when painted in This kind of technique, is actually approximately one week.
SHOULD I VARNISH MY PAINTINGS?
Varnishing a painting will protect the item through the elements. the item will also help to keep the colors more vibrant. lf you decide to varnish your painting, I suggested which you wait at least six months. the item takes This kind of long for an oil painting to be completely cured. Use a Great quality, non-yellowing picture varnish spray. I personally spray my paintings after about 4 weeks along with have not had any problems.