As Civilization Advances Culture Declines
- March 24, 2017
- Posted by: marlenedubois
- Category: CPR Training
Civilization along with culture are two constellations which lie from the same continuum. Each influences along with is actually in turn influenced by the additional. Civilization is actually an advanced state of intellectual, cultural, along with material development in human society, marked by progress from the arts along with sciences, the extensive use of record-keeping, including writing, along with the appearance of complex political along with social institutions. This kind of is actually basically a state of affair in a society at a particular time frame. The definition above suggests the advanced state of affair… in common parlance… however civilization may be traditional or not advanced.
People say Indus valley civilization or Egyptian civilizations which are primitive civilizations. On the additional hand, culture means the ways of thinking, acting, behaving which people have internalized in them along with which are transformed into reality through their actions from the society. For example, respecting the elders or treating guests as the God; as in “Atithi devo bhava” are examples of particular cultural traits. Here before proceeding any further one needs to understand the various constituents of the culture.
When one studies culture, two things can not be neglected; cultural traits along with cultural complexes. Cultural traits are the individual acts which defy any scientific reason however are simply followed on the basis which they are rooted in tradition. The examples of cultural traits are folding hands in front of a deity or touching the feet of elders. The inter-related cultural traits form a cultural complex.
For example while performing a “pooja” one lights an “agarvati”, chants some hymns or devotional songs, offers “Prasad” to the lord etc. All these activities constitute the cultural complex. The inter-play along with interaction of the different cultural complexes form the substratum of culture. With so much of epistemological differences between culture along with civilization one needs to see what separates the both. Culture refers to those intrinsic along with intangible elements which engulf human whereas civilization includes all the physical objects which are the exemplification of some objective realities.
Civilization is actually the human creativity, intellect along with volition translated into reality whereas culture is actually the morality along with intellect which remain as the under current of human thought. Civilization progresses thorough the vehicle of knowledge along with technology whereas culture thrives in human mind along with proceeds through tradition. however when one says they lie from the same continuum means culture determines the civilization. For example, which society where the dominant culture is actually heroism along with hero-worships like the Sioux Indians their substrata of civilization is actually based on heroism, physical prowess.
Their chief industry is actually generating weapons for hunting along with defending own clan members. along with their structure of authority along with leadership also hovers around This kind of principle only. however at the same time civilization also influences culture in many ways. The technical developments along with objective rationality in knowledge inquires the truth among the traditional customs. Reinterpretation of cultural complexes along with superstitions via a scientific point of view makes room for reinterpretation of culture. So culture along with civilization influence each additional. The present write up requires an analysis if the advancement of civilization makes way for decline of culture.
As described earlier culture is actually morality along with civilization is actually reality. Culture resides in ideas along with civilization spurns out of ideas. So the idea is actually quite easy to see the pre-occurrence of culture vis-à-vis civilization. however such a concomitance is actually not which easy as once civilization is actually formed the idea tends to affect the ideas or the culture which is actually the substrata of its very own self. The advancement of civilization affects culture in many ways. along with the very common notion is actually which the advancement of civilization declines culture. however to analyze the statement one needs to understand what does the “word” decline mean here.
Decline means as usual lessening of importance given on culture. however the idea also means which the earlier cultural axioms which have been adopted without question by all, comes under the hammer of reason. along with all such preconditions about culture which are rooted in irrationality are increasingly given up. For example with the spread of awareness along with knowledge among the mass the traditions like “sati” etc are given up. however This kind of cannot be called a s a decline of culture because the idea is actually a constructive effort to eradicate a social evil via society.
So when one tries to establish a concomitance between civilization along with decline of culture one needs to have a thin line approach, where one needs to separate the constructive along with beneficial modifications in culture along with the decline of culture. One needs to see what is actually implied by advancement of culture.
The very phrase “advancement of culture” refers to a dynamic process; a change. Why on earth there is actually a change in civilization. There is actually a change via one state of affair to the additional when 1. The preceding state of affair has some contradictions inherent from the idea or 2. When there is actually a better or completely new way of doing things which are superior to those from the preceding state of affair. Both of these above reasons refer to two different epistemological paradigms however what connects the both is actually the thread of rationality or objectivity which in common parlance called as scientific understanding.
Civilization, as stated earlier the material developments of human beings, proceeds via a state of less scientific to more scientific one. One can go to history to trace the brief advancement of civilization. The earliest form of civilization was the human horde from the pre-historic ages. This kind of was a civilization where man was last rational along with succumbed to the nature. however gradually rationality along with scientific inquest impinged the earlier man also along with he devised such rudimentary tools to defend himself against the adversities in a forest life along with also hunt animals for subsistence. The first historical act of human being “production” was also his first step towards rationality. along with for the rest of history man is actually trying to improve rationality of thought, behavior along with action.
The next civilizations be the idea the civilization of Egypt or Mesopotamia or the Indus valley all developed because man made more scientific inventions along with used his reason to overcome the nature. This kind of civilization took man’s intellect to a newer along with higher level. His earlier horde culture was replaced by a family culture along with the civilization influenced the culture. Of course the very birth of a civilization or in general an idea occurs from the human mind which is actually a purely cultural concept however when the idea becomes truly existent the idea starts molding human mind along with thereby culture.
Man’s progress via Bronze-iron ages to feudal age or industrial age or the modern age of today is actually the progression of rationality of thought via a lower level to a higher level. One cannot say which as civilization advances man becomes more rational. Rather when man becomes more rational civilization advances. along with when civilization advances rationality creeps into society along with culture comes under the hammer of scientific inquiry. So the irrational elements of culture are progressively shed off along with hence the hold of culture on human mind declines.
Those cultural ideals which were prevalent from the yester years are rendered rather irrelevant by the progression of science along with technology. In earlier days the farmers used to indulge in festivities to impress the Goddess of fertility to have Great harvest. however at This kind of point-a-days the farmer rather invests more money on tractors, insecticides along with hybrid seeds than in cultural festivities to have a better yield. An epidemic like cholera or chicken pox is actually not perceived as a wrath of the presiding deity however treated by medically approved norms along with procedures. So the advancement of civilization has created awareness among the mass along with people are beginning to stride the kingdom of reasons.
The advancement of civilization is actually coincident with the advancement in science along with technology. completely new technology along with completely new methods of production requires a definitive change from the existing division of labor in society. along with so associated modifications do occur from the cultural aspect of the economic society. With the prevalence of factory mode of production the labor forces have become mobile instead of the fixed labour in case of feudal economy. Mobile labor force gives rise to urban culture. So the earlier human culture which was predominantly rural has been diversified into a urban culture.
Certain norms along with values of the rural society are not applicable from the urban society. So a certain amount of modifications do occur from the culture. Some cultural traits are negated along with some completely new cultural traits specific to the urban area people do develop. The earlier joint family structure breaks to give rise to the completely new neo-local nucleus family structure. Religious rituals from the daily life go to a back stage. along with completely new subcultures like shopping mall culture, multiplexes along with additional agencies of entertainment become important in case of city life. So as culture advances there occurs a change from the culture.
In some cases the old cultural elements are thrown to back burner, completely new cultural traits arise or in some cases the old cultural elements are reinterpreted in a radically different way. however one has to agree which the advancement of civilization effects modifications to the culture.The change in culture with associated advancement of civilization is actually not always in a constructive way as depicted above. Advancement of civilization especially the rise of urbanism as a way of life has effected some irreparable damages to our olden culture.
The most pronounced change from the culture is actually the break down of family. from the earlier societies the family was the most important unit of society. As the idea was also an economic unit there was not much division of labor in society along with all the family members are involved from the same economic pursuit. There were greater dependence with each additional along with greater volume along with density of interaction amongst them. Family acted as a conditioning device in which people can bank on each additional at times of stress. however the completely new urbanization has made family an atomistic entity as imagined by Zimmerman.
As the volume ad density of social interaction decreases due to the break down of the extended family the expectation of people via each additional increases manifold in a nucleus family. So family instead of a soothing device becomes a pressure cooker as remarked by David Cooper in his master piece the death of family. additional psychologists like Robert Laing talk which the family itself has become the biggest enemy of man by putting him into a catch 22 situation of immense pressure along with enormous expectations. So individual from the family itself is actually at the receiving end.
This kind of results in break down families, divorces along with additional familial discord including domestic violence. So urbanization has clearly broken down the earlier existing harmonic family culture. The effect of the advancement of civilization is actually also felt from the sphere of the morality in society. The earlier society has prescribed certain moral codes of conduct. however with the advancement of civilization along with progress of scientific thoughts the moral codes are under attack. Some of the moral codes are, no doubt, established in irrationality; however they help to represent the collective conscience along with preserve the social harmony. however scientific thoughts do not think in which direction.
Moral codes are discarded like anything from the completely new society. The simpler norms like honesty, punctuality, integrity, brotherhood, camaraderie etc are forgotten along with in turn importance is actually given on individuation. Too much individuation results in less degree of integration with the society. This kind of results in individual conscience influencing the collective consciousness more along with more. This kind of results in deviant behavior, corruption, dishonesty along with additional such social evils. Advancement of civilization throws up completely new values along with techniques which also give way for social mobility. completely new level of stratification are created, older levels are destroyed along with modified.
This kind of reduces man to a marginalized one. A marginal man does not know about norms to follow along with what norms to abhor. He is actually in a state of flux which is actually rightly said as the state of anomie. Culture is actually an integrating force. however certain development from the level of sub-stratum like at the level of civilization weakens the impact of culture. This kind of makes the socialization process unhealthy along with weak. This kind of causes a lot of strain in individual. In a society the individual carries a very limited existence.
Compared to the enormity of the society the individual is actually minuscule along with powerless. His existence depends on the collective representation. however the completely new norms of the modern civilization weaken the collective representation along with man becomes less integrated with the society along with feels great stress. Besides the modern values bring out some such basic modifications from the existing culture which the culture which the morality of society is actually endangered. Adoption of western values along with life styles, though they are not at all harmful, however highly unsuitable for the Indian society.
They lack the collective representation of Indian mass. So the western yo-man becomes marginalized from the great Indian tradition. Certain values like freedom in sexual endeavors etc are not accepted in India even today. The so called moral police add fuel to the situation along with make the situation more difficult. The adoption of western values also increase the conspicuous consumption in society along with which creates a great amount of social divide along with polarization among the people.
Besides from the age of globalization when a society integrates itself with the global society especially from the sphere of economics there is actually always threat which the existing indigenous economic base may collapse. Civilization along with culture are related with each additional intricately. A change from the former creates a great stir from the later. Civilization advances through the advancement of ideas. These advanced ideas are bred from the mind of a few along with the rest of the society do not share such advanced ideas. They stick to the traditional ideas which form their culture of the society.
When civilization advances there occurs a conflict between the reality along with the idea possessed by the majority from the society. however as the reality always scores over the ideas, the advancement of civilization brings about change in culture. The change in culture may be a positive one or a destructive one. So one cannot emphatically say which advancement of civilization does not always bring about decline in culture though change in culture is actually inevitable.
However the inculcation of rational thinking along with reasoning among the mass weakens the blind acceptance of culture. So the importance of culture from the society declines. S one can say, the importance of culture may be reduced in a modern civilization however the very culture, its ethos can never decline however they may change to adopt completely new norms along with values.
Adoption of completely new norms or values may cause a stage of confusion along with anomaly from the society however one need to understand which after This kind of anti-thesis stage (anomic stage) there comes a stage of synthesis where completely new culture emerges, a culture more rational one. The more the culture becomes rational the less importance the idea exerts on individuals from the society. So the statement again may e repeated which the importance of culture may decline from the process of advancement of civilization however culture itself can never be negated from the society.